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nomination to place himself on record as the friend of every nationality that has a

New York Sun (Dem.). As Mr. Edmunds compares 1886 with 1884, he must feel a slight depression of spirit, a consciousness of an aching void beyond the consolation of any cocktail. He has had his private diversion and revenge, but at what expense! Now let him promise and swear to support the Republican candidates in 1888, or he is a lost statesman.

Washington Critic (Ind.). SOME of the New York Democratic leaders are talking of Cleveland and Hill as the next Presidential ticket of the party. It would be a very strong combination, but unfortunately for those who are booming it, we have a Constitution which probibits both President and Vice-President coming from the same State.

Cincinnati Enquirer (Dem.). ONE thing is becoming very clear, to wit, that if the Republicans play for the “old ticket” in 1888 they will not have General Logan for second place. He has his war-paint on, and is already making it a trifle uncomfortable for the Maine leader.

people in this country, and has won universal respect by his liberality and the integrity of his life.--Springfield Republican (Ind.).

THE Kentucky delegation in Congress want a free-trade candilate for President next time, apparently. At a dinner on Saturday they all expressecl themselves for Speaker Carlisle.—-Philadelphia Press (Ind.).

MR. BLAINE smiled and said: “ Perhaps they had better try some other man next time.” A great many others than Mr. Blaine are of the same opinion.Indianapolis Journal (Rep.).

THERE is talk of Daniel Manning and of David B. Hill for President, but the man for Grover Cleveland to beware of is Daniel Lamont.---Louisville CourierJournal (Dem.).

We still shink, as we thought two years ago, that in selecting a candidate the true policy is to find a man whose nomination will unite the party.--Milwaukee Sentinel (Rep.).

THE Republicans in some sections have begun to boom General Gresham for President. What will become of the Plumed Knight?— Wheeling Register (Dem.).

THE David Bennett Hill boom for President is enjoying an interval of extraordinary activity. There is no eight-hour law agitation about it. Philadelphia Press (Rep.).

BLAINE is coming South as a sort of Mahoinet compromise. The South never would go to Blaine.Louisville Commercial(Rep.).

MR. CLEVELAND will be his own successor is the people have their way.Florida Times Union (Dem.).

THE Vermont Republicans may love Edmunds much, by they love Blaine more.--Newark News (Dem.).

Gov. Hill's visit to Boston has added sixty cubits to the stature of his beautisul boom.-National Republican (Rep.).

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But the result of this (Vermont) convention is not to be looked upon as a defeat for Mr. Blaine. He was defeated and disappeared from the field throo months ago.-N. Y. Times (Ind.).

If Blaine is dead why do you keep wasting powder on him? What are you afraid of ?-Brooklyn Times (Rep.).

JUDGING from the signs of the times Grover Cleveland will be the nominee of the Democratic party in 1888. He is the only man in the party that stands a good chance to be elected. This is our candid opinion and is based upon the closest observation and calculation.- Washington Gazette (Ind.).

SENATOR LOGAN has already been nominated for the Presidency by two excited Chicago clubs and one Baltimore organization that may possibly change its mind. The remaining portions of the country have not yet been heard from, but they don't amount to much anyhow.— Philadelphia Times (Ind.).

The Grand Old Man upon whom the British people are heaping such testimonials of admiration and regard has a Grand Old Woman with him everywhere he goes. President Cleveland has “ caught on” to the idea in time for the campaign of 1888.–St. Louis Post-Dispatch (Dem.).

MR. EDMUNDS is still the favorite Republican son of Vermont. Leastwise the proceedings of the State convention at Montpelier are to be so interpreted, and Mr. Blaine should not fail to make a memoranclum to this effect in his political note-book.--New York Worl:1 (Dem.).

MR. BLAINE's information bureau seems to be in full swing. Thursday a big bundle of marked copies of a Boston paper, containing a three-column interview with Blaine and comments, were received by the fish dealers in Fulton market, New York.- Rochester Herald (Rep.).

The Sage of Greystone appears to be a statesman after Mr. Hill's own heart, but if he wants to follow in the steps of his adroit pre lecessor, he must remember that there is no future for the politician who is habitually asraid to speak his mind. - Brooklyn Union (Ind.).

MR. BLAINE would seem to head the field in the race for the Presidential nomination in 1888; but though a matchless statesman the party will do well to consider if success would not be surer with Logan or Sherman.- Warren, Ohio, Tribune (Rep.).

“There are many obstacles in the way of a second term for Mr. Cleveland,” says an “independent” newspaper. It is true. At any rate there is one huge Hill between Mr. Cleveland and the nomination.—National Republican (Rep.)

Governor Hill, it is now worthy of note, has grown considerably as a public man, and, friend or otherwise of President Cleveland, he seems now fairly entered by general consent for the Presidential race. - New York Journal (Ini.). ALLEN G. TIIURMAN in the White IIouse would be very acceptable to the

In fact, Allen G. Thurman anywhere in high office would fit better than almost anybody else we can recall at present.--Arkansas Gazelte (Dem.).

The drist os opinion seems to be that Mr. Cleveland will try sor a second term, notwithstanding he started out as a one-terin man. Marriage is calculated to make a man change his mind about many things.-Indianapolis News (Ind.).

MR. BLAINE is the only Republican candidate seriously considered for 1888. Sherman, Logan, Evarts and Eclmunds cut no figure. The Democrats and the mugwumps will have to make friends again.— Galveston News (Dem.).

If Mr. Childs personal objection can be overcome and his candidacy secured Americans will for once have an ideal type of Presidential candidate of whom all parties and all men may feel justly proud. --Media, Pa., Record (Ind.).

PERHAPS the Republican parly will prefer to fight the campaign of 1884 over again with the same candidates and the same issues. The result would be different in 1858, we are consident.Albany Journal (Rep.), June 17.

If the Democrats had 10 choose a Presidential candidate next month, they would nominate Grover Cleveland, and they would do so because they know that no other man would be so sure of election.--New York Star (Dem.).

We have great admiration for Blaine, but we don't want to run a serious risk of another defeat of the Republican party. We know that the issue, with Mr. Blaine at the head of the ticket, is doubtful.—Daylon Journal (Rep.).

MR, Childs has made a warm place for himself in the hearts of a good many

CONGRESS OF AMERICAN NATIONS. The passage by the Senate on the 17th inst, by a unanimous vote, of Mr. Frye's bill “ to promote the political progress and commercial prosperity of the American nations ” is the subject of the following comments:

New York Tribune (Rep.), June 19. Some of the men who criticised this proposition when it was brought forward by the Garfield Administration are now its warm supporters. The progress of events has opened their eyes. A bill somewhat similar, though less comprehensive and effective, was weeks ago favorably reported in the House. If that body is responsive to public sentiment and is governed by the interests of the nation, it will substitute the Senate bill for its own and promptly pass it. The bill provides for a conference of delegates from each of the Republics of Mexico, of Central and South America, Hayti, San Domingo, and from the Empire of Brazil, to assemble in Washington, at the invitation of the President, to conser with representatives of the United States in regard to such questions as will promote the common welfare of the American States. Among the measures enumerated are the formation of a customs union, the establishment of steamship communication, the adoption of a uniform system of weights and measures, a common silver coin, a plan of arbitration of differences and such matters as may promote peace and prosperity. The measures agreed upon are to be recommended to their respective governments for adoption. For the purpose of meeting the expenses of this conference the bill appropriates $100,000. It is a wise proposition, and can not fail to be one of national benefit. No argument is required to show our need of taking some action to open markets for American products. In doing this it is well to go further and secure the consideration by the States and statesmen of the American continent of all questions relating to their common interests and harmony of institutions. Over half a century ago the question was being debated in Congress whether or not it was wise to look for the extension of our interests west of the Mississippi River. The men who stood in opposition 10 the growth of the country in that direction were not more blind than those of to-day who oppose wise efforts to extend our trade and commerce to the south.

New York Commercial Advertiser (Rep.), June 18. So far as unanimous vote by the Senate is an indication we are to have a convention of American nations to talk over the trade relations of the continent. The idea has been growing in favor at Washington for some years, and

now,

under tne management of Senator Frye, the Senate has committed itself unreservedly to the project. We are willing to see what good there may be in it. Certainly, our South American trade is now in a languishing condition, and possibly it will help all parties to come together and discuss the situation. The political aspect of the scheme is more open to criticism. We should not wish to assume the part of “ big brother” to all the quarrelsome little nations on the continent, even if our supervision were desired, and we have received intimations more than once, in a shape not too pulite, that our meddling in our neighbors' affairs was distasteful to them. Senator Whitthorne's specch a few days ago in favor of the congress put anew before the country the main facts as to our commerce with our continental neighbors and the possibilities of extending it if we pursue a wise policy. There has just been published, also, a pamphlet on South American trace by the Bureau of Statistics, from which many suggestive facts may be gathered; and the Commercial Advertiser, not long ago, published very interesting and important facts and suggestions from experts concerning the subject. A glance at the export tables in the pamphlet will show one or two glaring absurdities in existing trade relations which a conven

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tion would properly deal with. We are naturally a cotton manufacturing nation. We grow the staple and our cotton mills are as good as any. It might be supposed, therefore, that we would export collon goods in large amount to our neighbors. But as a matter of fact we supply them with this line of goods in a far less amount than England, and even France and Germany. To quote the figures for two or three of the states which offer the principal market, wo sold in Brazil last year $516,827 worth of manufactures of cotton, while Great Britain sold that country $14,111,960, l'rance $467,074, and Germany $535,738. For the Argentine Republic thc figures are as follows: United States, $410,914; Great Britain, $5,775,105;, France, $726,391; Germany, $546,924. These ratios hold fairly good throughout the whole list of Central and South American customers. There is no reason in nature or in policy why this country should not make a better showing than this in the export cotton trade. And in other details of commerce similar absurdities may easily be cited. If a congress can suggest a policy which shall correct these evils, we shall be glad to welcome our visitors.

Brooklyn Eagle (Dim.), June 21. We do not desire to cast doubt on any of the sanguine views which these gentlemen entertain in regard to this pet scheme of the man from Maine, but people do not require to have very long memories to recall the time when the same lively gentleman was engaged in what the people of Chili regarıled as an attempt to swindle that friendly state—an attempt which provoked the strongest feelings of resentment among its people, who are certainly the most energetic and enterprising of any in South America. Nor will it be forgotten that the members of the South American Commission, which returned from its visit to that continent about a year ago, met with a very cool reception in most of the states, especially in Chili, where the little affair of Mr. Blaine and the bogus claims he stood behind had not been forgotten. Still, it is possible that the people of South America may be in better temper a year hence, and if anything can be done to increase trade with them it will be well.

Philadelphia Ricori (Ind.), June 20. THE Dominion of Canada, the West Indies, and the European territories in South America are to be exclu led from the proposedl congress for the reason that they do not possess the attributes of sovereignty; but the Dominion of Canada could consent to most of the arrangements which this congress is designed to esfect without asking leave of the mother country. It is very likely, however, that the projectors of this scheme do not desire any trade reciprocity with Canada, and this is the reason why our northern neighbor is not to be invited to the banquet. The discussion of free fish, free coal, and other little reciprocities of trade might arise which would prove extremely embarrassing to the statesmanship of Maine.

Toledo Blade (Rep.), June 18. This is, in effect, the scheme which Mr. Bjaine proposed in 1881, and it is a wise

But will the Bourbons of the House pass it? They are crying out for an extension of our commerce, but are indisposed to make a reasonable effort toward its extension. There is no better initial step than to have a conference of representatives of American nations, and get acquainted with the needs and demands of the people who should become our best customers.

Philadelphia Press (Rep.), june 20. The Frye bill authorizing the President to call a convention of American republics passed the Senate without a dissenting vote, and although it is to all intents and purposes merely an endorsement of the plan originally proposed by Mr. Blaine, it has thus far evoked no word of protest from any Mugwump. The principle has not changed, but perhaps the Mugwump conscience has.

misinformation it possesses. When Jefferson Davis made his recent tour of the South and spoke of the lost cause as not lost, Republican papers very generally were silent or merely cleprecated the demonstration in honor of secession. A few Republicans who felt in duty bound to protest against the demonstration, and a number of Grand Army posts, denounced the sentiments of Davis, but, as a rule, the people of the North did not permit themselves to express the sorrow and indignation they felt. The few expressions of dissent or protest which were made were promptly denounced by certain Democratic papers and those which are known as Mugwump organs. Probably the general silence of the Northern press, and the rebukes administered to those who did protest, led the Charleston News to assume that the North is changing grounds in regard to the rightfulness of secession and the late rebellion. We repeat that all this is a misconception. There has been no such change. The people of the North hold that secession is unconstitutional and that the rebellion was treason. Can not the Charleston paper let the matter drop? The North desires to do so.

Boston Herald (Ind.). Tuis expression of a leading Southern newspaper has agitated the Republican organs of this section ; yet it might have been incorporated in Mr. Blaine's historical comments without criticism. We suppose that philosophical students of history in the North have already given the South the credit of fidelity to its construction of the Constitution, and would concede the truth of the statement that its construction of the Constitution was the construction which obtained at the time the Constitution was formed. The South was behind the times. It did not keep step with the North in political progress. The nation was a growth. Chief Justice Marshall extended its powers, and Daniel Webster magnised its authority. In the North, nothing interfered with this growth. In the South, the institution of slavery prevented it. That demanded all the limitations which had been provided by the Constitution makers. The mistake of the South was in organizing rebellion before the rights of the States liad been interfered with. But even that was a step in the evolution of the nation. The tree of liberty had outgrown the tub in which it was planted, and in one way or another a change was inevitable.

MISCELLANEOUS.

one.

A SECTIONAL QUESTION. Tue prominence of Massachusetts and South Carolina, and especially of the cilies of Boston and Charleston, in the exciting events which led up to the secession movement, gives peculiar and permanent interest to the brief extracts here presented.

Charleston News and Courier (Dim.). The thing that is sure to come, and is coming very fast, and sooner than was to be expectedl, * * is a desire, rather, to justify the Southern people in the fight they made, and to relieve them one and all, from their foremost leacler 10 their humblest soldier, of that stain of blood-guiltiness which was fastened upon them in men's minds so long as it could be held that the war was, on the part of the South, a wanton and inexcusable rebellion against a just and good Government. When we come to this pass, that it shall be admitted everywhere that the South was right under its construction of the Constitution; that its construction of the Constitution was the construction which obtained at the time the Constitution was formed, and was in the minds of the conventions which gave that Constitution the breath of life, and was erted and purportel to be acted upon in Pennsylvania and New England, when those States had grievances under the laws of the United States; when all this is fully and frankly admitted, as it is beginning to be admitted by thoughtsul Northern men, the taint of rebellion will be taken forever away from the people of the South.

Boston Journal (Rep.). THE Republican press would willingly drop the discussion of this topic as entirely useless, if not mischievous; nevertheless, it is due to a large portion of the people of the North who are by no means confined to the Republican party to say that the Charleston News and Courier is misinformed upon this subject, and that its assumptions in regard to the views of the people of the North are wrong. There has been no change of sentiment and there are no indications that there will be. And yet, perhaps, the Charleston paper is not to be blamed for the

ORIGIN OF THE POTATO.—An interesting article on this subject is given in a recent number of Nature, from which it appears that we have as yet no certain knowledge of the original home of our popular tuler. Whether it came from Peru or Virginia has yet to be settled. The writer says the question of the introduction of the potato is a very complex one.

Potató is but the English way of pronouncing batata. But what is the word batata ? To what language does it belong? The first European knowledge of it appears to be traceable to Cuba, San Domingo, or some of the neighboring isles at the time they were discovered by Columbus, 1492, etc. But, then, the sixteenth century writers on Peru also use it as if it were a common word tliere, and, if it were, it is at least interesting, if not strange, to find a word thus widely spread over and across districts where, it has been said, languages so vary with tribes that one can not even understand another, though neighboring, tribe. But first we have to consider: Is there any contemporary evidence that the West Indian natives did make use of a word which, when written by the Spaniards, appeared as batata ? It would involve a special search among such materials as Navarette had at his olisposal to decide that. Compilations are not to be trusted, and English versions are of no avail. What the actual word was, written by Columbus or his companions, is what is wanted. Then, if it were a true West Indian word, and introduced and known with some plant in Spain and Portugal in the early part of the sixteenth century, what is the probabilily that, at the middle of it, writers on Peru used it as a name that would be understood at home, even though not used by the South American natives? With regard to papas, it is distinctly stated by Acosta it was a native name in South America, bui the writer does not know of any passage in which batata is said to be. It has been pointed out above how the mistake arose that papas has been considered a Virginian name, and it is possible batata may prove to be not a South American nane at all. There is a Quichau word, ascu, equivalent, apparently, to papas, to which only Mr. Clements Markham among English writers scems to liave Irawn attention. At present, in English translations of travelers in Peru, papas and batata appear often confounded. Then in regard to our own use of the word batata, did we have it with roots through the Spaniards, or direct from the West Indias? The earliest use of the word does not yet seem to have been fully searched for. It may, however, be found carlier than in the list of literary quotations usually given. For example, il occurs in the account of Sir J. Hawkins' yoyage, 1565 : “ Hennes, potatoes, and pines.” The earliest (lescription the writer has been able to trace of what the potato was is in the botanical work of 1570; published in London, Lobel's “Stirpium adversaria nova.” A figure is given of ihe root of the batata, and at the leading is “ Anglice Potades." In 1596 the form potation is met with. In 1627 and 1676 polacoes, and in 1655. pottato. Batata itself

, lsy the Spaniarcis, seems to have been spelled indifferently balata or battata. Then there is another curious point. How has it come to pass that for the same plant the Spaniards of 10-day relain papas, while the Portuguese use batata, for the plant we now call the potatu? In speaking of questions in connection with our having changed the use of the word potato from one plant to another, it is an advantage for preventing confusion to reser 10 the two plants by their pres; ent botanical names, the Butatus edulis, which belongs to the convolvulus "order," and the Solanum tuberosum (perhaps including the supposed different species, Maglia) our common potato, which belongs to the nightshade " order.”. Of the two it was Batatas eiutis, called then, long before Linnæus' binomial system, simply battata, that seems to have been first known in Europe. The first European knowledge of the plant Solanum tuberosum (or Maglia) was under the name

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papas, by which it was known till Caspar Bauhin recognized that it was a Solanum viz, making them drunk by feeding them corn that had been soaked in whisky. in 1596. The date 1596, if not exactly that of his knowledge is the date of his This struck me as a good idea. Having a young lady friend who was very anxfirst publishing it in his Duronivat. Then as to dates of introduction : As already ious to get a humming-bird for a pet, I concluded to try this scheme in order to said, the first European knowledge of battata was in 1494 or 1495, that is, assum catch it. Not knowing the quantity necessary, I secured a quart of full proof corn ing that it was among the valuable products of the West Indias Columbus sent home whisky, and went to a place where I knew a particularly pretty and brilliant bird to his patron sovereigns to demonstrate the value of his discoveries. It is men frequented. Sure enough, I found him there around a yellow jessamine vine (this tioned he sent home vegetable products as well as gold. He sent spices, dye flower, as you know, is bell-shaped, and the very thing to aid me in carrying out woods, fruits, and herbs, or intended to. In the history “ Primer viage de Colon” my scheme). I procceded to fill up a dozen or more of these flowers with the (Navarette, cap. 1) is the passage: “And besides there are trees of a thousand whisky, thinking this quantity sufficient to sling him. I anxiously awaiteel results. species, each having its particular fruit and all of marvelous flavor, so that I am in In a very short time he appeared on the scene, darting from flower to flower, the greatest trouble in the world not to know them, for I am very certain they are emptying each one of its contents, and then, seating himself upon a limb above, each of great value. I shall bring some home as specimens, and also some of the shook his feathers, as much as to say, “ That's pretty good stuff; set 'em up again," herbs.” Taking Washington Irving's inspection of Navarette's materials as reliable, which I at once proceeded to do, and to my delight he immediately repeated this Columbus knew the potato—the battata. - Scientific American.

performance. Well, to make a long story short, he kept me busy setting 'em up

until the whole quart was exhausted. I then realized that I was baffled in my BIRDS' NESTS IN JAPANESE HOUSES.—Nothing commends itself more to the scheme, and, becoming enraged, I dashed the empty flask at him. IIe, seeing traveler as a national trait among the Japanese than their gentleness and kindness that the juice was all gone, shot off as straight as an arrow; in fact, it seemed to to children and animals. It is in consequence of this that not only the domesti

me that the quart he had so greedily imbibed had only served to steady him. cated, but the so-called wild animals and birds of this country are far bolder and Passing the yellow jessamine vine the next morning, there sat the old toper as easier of appro.ich than in other parts of the world. There is here a species of bright as a lark, and none the worse for his dissipation of the previous day.-D. swallow, much resembling the chimney swallow of Europe, which actually fre C. 11., in the American Field. quents the houses, and twitters and circles about the heads of the people in the different apartments, as we have seen tame canaries when set free from their cages A PROMINENT FEATURE.—The most prominent part of a person's face is his in the house where they are kept. Only in this case the swallow is free to come

The ancients attributed various faculties of the mind to it. They conand go through the open window or door, and gets his own living in the open air. sidered the sense of smell inserior to the other properties which they ascribed to Even in Europe and America this beautisul little bird is a favorite. Humphrey Davy the nasal organ. The Romans, by making a play upon narcs, the Latin word for says of it: “ Theswallow is one of my favorite birds, and a rival of the nightingale, for nostrils, which sounds very much like another Latin word mcaning “ to know,” he cheers my sense of seeing as much as the other does my sense of hearing. He said, “ we call them nostrils, because through them we know," a witticism which is the glad prophet of the year, the harbinger of the best season. He lives a life is almost as good in an English form, “ by the nose we knows.” Phädrus speaks of enjoyment among the loveliest forms of nature. Winter is unknown to him, of the nose as signifying the judgment, or the highest faculty of the mind. Plautus and he leaves the green meadows and forests of England in autumn for the myrtle uses the word as synonymous with sagacity; Martial, with rage and anger, and and orange groves of Italy and for the palms of Africa. He has always objects of Seneca, with wit. The Greeks had one verb meaning “to mock," and another pursuit, and his success is sure. Even the beings selected for his prey are poeti verb meaning to “deceive,” derived from the word “nose,” so that they evidently cal, beautiful and transient. The ephemerce are saved by his means from a slow regarded the nose as indicative of more than one sense. The Romans connected and lingering death in the evening, and killed in a moment when they have known the Latin word nasus, or nose, directly with the Greek word nous, or mind. One nothing but pleasure. He is a constant destroyer of insects, the friend of man, of their everyday idioms, or punning slang expressions, was, “ Every man does and a sacred bird. His instinct, which gives him his appointed season, and teaches not have a nose”—that is, every one has not mental ability. Many great men him when and where to inove, may be regarded as flowing from a divine source, have had large noses, as, for example, Washington, Cromwell, Napoleon Bonaand he belongs to the oracles of nature, which speak the awful and intelligible parte, the Duke of Wellington, Cicero, and Cæsar. The popular fancy, as well as fiats of a present Deity.” Of course, this character of symbolic grace and modesty a so called science, still associates certain types of nose with mental traits. Thus goes far to recommend the bird to so artistic a people as the Japanese, and it is, in a convex nose is held to be indicative of courage, and a concave nose of cowardconsequence, almost a national emblem, being a favorite subject with their decora ice. Flexibility of the nose is put down as a mark of docility, while inflexibility tors, and finding a place with the crane and the lotus as a religious type. It is, warns one to expect stubbornness. The nose serves various important offices in however, in the building of its nest and rearing of its young that the Japanese connection with the different emotions. To rub it violently suggests the person's swallow pays the highest compliment to, and exhibits the greatest amount of confi perplexity or annoyance. To lay the finger on it signifies contemplation and indence in, its protectors; for, however incredible it may seem, its habitation is built, tense self-questioning. To blow it very hard, while listening to affecting passages and its little family brought up, in the living rooms of Japanese families, and this in books, or hearing a recital of wrong or distress, indicates emotion and sympathy, not only in unfrequented parts of the country, but, as Prof. Morse assures us, in the because every one knows that the handkerchiefs employed upon the nose will also midst of their largest cities. The professor, than whom no more interesting and be furtively used to wipe away the unmanly tear. The nose is one of the most acute observer of Japanese life exists, in speaking of these nests, says that they are dignified organs we possess; to pull or tweak it is always considered a grave innot built in any remote part of the house, but in the principal and oftenest visited sult, second only to the insult accounted so deadly by the Eastern nations—that of rooms, where the inmates are the busiest about the household affairs. He adds pulling the beard.-Labor World. that the children take great delight in watching the nests in process of construction, and in the rearing and education of the young birds afterward. As soon as a

A MAD MULE.—We are sufficiently familiar with mad dogs, and once in a while nest is fairly begun, some member of the household puts up a neat little shelf be

we hear of a mad wolf, but a mad mule makes us feel that nature is carrying the neath it to prevent litter on the floor, and the bird, accepting this as a • locus in joke too far. We learn, however, that the people of Memphis enjoy the distinction quo," returns, year after year, to rebuild or repair and reoccupy the old nest in the of possessing this curiosity. The mule is not gifted with an angelic disposition, same place.-Scientific American.

and the gospel of love has never been able to produce the slightest effect on his

hind legs. When viewed from the front he has a positively Socratic expression of ROMANCE AND REALITY.Romance.—Mr. Henry Cutaway, a valued attaché of countenance, and the unwary and unlearned think of him as a much-abused anithe firin of Sharp, l'lat & Co., has tendered his resignation, which has been re mal. In a word, he is evangelical at one end and diabolical at the other. He gretfully accepted. Reality.—Henry has been incontinently bounced.

can kick the hat off the head of a man on the top of a stepladder, and then look Romance.—Mr. and Mrs. Phineas Flapjack, of Wabash avenue, have closed their so innocent that unless you see the performance you feel sure that he is falsely palatial residence, and with their interesting family will make a tour of the leading accused. To have such a brute—a cross between an earthquake and a dynamite Eastern summer resorts.

Reality.The Flapjacks have discharged their servants, cartridge-go mad is almost too much to contemplate. The one describecl seemed barred up the front windows, and are living on crackers and cheese in the base to have no difficulty in clearing the street of its passengers. He was monarch of ment of their palatial residence, economizing prior to opening the fall season. all he surveyed. When a poor, frightened wretch climbed a lamp-post, this mad

Romance.—Miss Sophia Snorkins, one of Chicago's fairest daughters, is a reign mule cheerfully bit his foot off.— The Leavenworth Times.
ing beauty at Saratoga and Newport this summer. Reality.—Sophia is imposing
upon the hospitality of Ezekiel Snorkins, her rural uncle, at Strawberry Patch, Iowa, A LARGE DIAMOND.—The large diamond of 457 carats, found in South Africa
getting board for the summer, and a chance to wear out her old clothes.

in 1884, has now been cut, and weighs about 200 carats. The Kohinoor weighs Romance.—Mr. Lambkin Wolse, superintendent of the New Bethel Sabbath only 106 carats, the Regent of I'rance 13634 carats, and the Great Mogul 279 School, nas transferred his evangelistic cfforts to Canada. Reality:-Superin carats, but it is a lumpy stone, and not cut in proper brilliant form, like the Cape tendent Wolfe's little shortage having been detected, he found it beneficial for his There is also a Portuguese stone, the Braganza diamond, but it is doubtsul spiritual welfare to skip by the light of the moon.

is it is a diamond at all, and not merely a line topaz. If it is a diamond, it is by Romance.—Miss Anastasia Fargone, the belle of Twenty-seventh street, after

far the largest known. There are other diamonds of great value, but the new reigning a queen of society for several seasons, will be led to the altar by Charles stone is expected to go far to eclipse them. It is the property of a syndicate at Callcash, a promising young merchant. Reality.-Anastasia, who was always present, but probably it will find a purchaser in time.—Cassell's Family homely, and just now is budding into antique woinanhood, has finally caught one Magazine, of her father's clerks, the presiding genius of a ribbon counter. Romance —Mr. Isaac Rosenheimer and family have gone South for the sum

A NOVEL EXPEDITION.-Outing not content with sending Thomas Stevens on mer. Reality.—Mr. Rosenheimer, having realized well from a sale of unredeemed

a bicycle to “circumwheel” the world, has just despatched another special corpledges, has moved from the North to the South side.

respondent to the Arctic ocean for the purpose of traveling through the heart of Romance.—Mr. Claude Creosote, one of the most witty and talented young men

Russia from Archangel to the Crimea. James Ricallon, for this is the name of of West-side society, is considered a most eligible batcnelor by all match-making

this venturesome individual, has made many extraorclinary journeys in all corners mammas and husband-hunting heiresses. Reality.—Mr. Creosole asked the re

of the world, but this trip is likely to cclipse them all. He has constructed a porter to have a beer. The reporter accepted.—The Rambler.

species of tricycle which can be converted into a bed at night, and can carry him

in most difficult places. One of his objects is to show how cheaply long journeys HUMMING-BIRDS and Whisky.-I read an account some time ago about a

can be maile. Ile is to be gone one hundred clays, and his traveling expenses are captain of a Mississippi steamer capturing a flock of wild geese in a novel manner, to be within $200.

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RELIGIOUS.

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Dominion of Canada stand as follows: 1. Roman Catholic; 2. Methodist; 3. Presbyterian ; 4. Episcopalian. In the province of Quebec the Romanists outnumber the Protestants 6%2 times; the figures being 1,171,000 to 184,000.—There is a

mission to deep-sea fishermen in England for which a new smack named « The THE PULPIT AND THE POOR.–Christianity in doctrine and service recognizes

Mission was dedicated a few weeks ago. the brotherhood of man, Of all systems of faith and practice it is in this vital direction conspicuously alone. Its granite rests on the levels of human right and duty. There may be factions in its sects, class distinctions in some of its organizations, and the millinery of rank in its councils and churches, but in its spirit and

EDUCATION. essence it is unreachable and incorruptible, as above and beyond the gold lace and the tassels of all aristocracism in human rights and aspirations. Its inauguration was democratic. It annulled all popular ideas of social imperialism.

IIOME STUDY FOR GIRLS.--Home study is proverbially difficult. Of the many sentatives were not of the Sanhedrim, but of the fishing flesh. Its morning orb

girls who leave school intending to pursue their studies hardly one in ten carries shone not on the shields of the Roman or the marbles of Tetrarchs, but on the out her intention. huts of the Nazarene and the docks of Capernaum. It evangelized among publi No doubt there is many a useful home daughter whose time is fully occupied in cans and sinners, and its mercies, like healing dew, fell not in the gardens of the cletails of domestic cuties; others devote their time to philanthropic work; Herod, but over the gateways of the poor. There is no fact in history and no and some are so involved in a round of social engagements that they have neither force in philosophy so sublimely solitary in recognizing the rights of the common time nor thought for anything beyond. But there are many girls who do not berace as this self-same Christianity. In spite of all sursace appearances to the con long to any of these classes-girls who have perhaps had a sound school educatrary, it is now, as then, the unspent volition of all that constitutes humanity, justice,

tion, and to whom neither the will nor the opportunity is wanting; yet, after a few and freedom. Acknowledged or disavowed, accepted or controverted, its forces

spasmodic attempts they relapse into mere desultory reading, or abandon their cannot be extinguished or its ministrations annulled. It has survived all abuses of

efforts in despair. It is lo such that I wish to give a few hints. priests and kings, and though the mockery of invocation has misused its name in

“If only I could go to college, I know I could study.” all kinds of tyranny and wrong, it remains as untainted as an opal is with the spawn Yes, I have no doubt you could; but if that is out of the question for you, you of a frog or a crystal with the spit of a toad. It is true that many men who have

must do what you can at home. Let us see what it is that college life really does been the leaders in much of modern labor emancipation have either ignored its for the student, and whether its favorable conditions are indeed so vastly superior claims or denied its authority. I confess to an old-time surprise at this, but ma to those under which you live. turer experiences have, if not providing good reasons, sound some potent excuses. Well, I should, at any rate, be free from interruption." The modern reaction of seudalism found the old wrong intrenched and conse

I grant tha in her own rooms, without any pressing duties, social or domestic, crated by state religions. The revival of liberty began in the “common people,” the student has a great advantage; but are you quite sure you can not secure some for whom then, as now, the pulpit had its thunders and the church its back seats.

time, however short, for your own work? You have tried and failed, you say; Reformers associated the parson with the dragoon, and faith vanished when the

but did you choose time and place with wisdom? Of course it is hard to study in gospel was identified with the scabbard of a trooper. We are out of that age, but the midst of other people, but is there really no time in the day when you can not altogether free from the old evil and the skeptical spirit. The pulpit of to-day have a room to yourself? And these interruptions you talk of-how many of them with the masses is more a relic than a power. They charge it with being dumb are the result of your own negligence? You had barely sit down to your book when on matters that challenge the animosity of wealth and power. It is not so in many cook came for some raisins; you undertook to put out the groceries ; why did you

It is so in too many—if not in words, yet in spirit. The estrangement of not see to that first. Then Jack rushed in to know the time of the first train to the laboring classes from the churches is one of the most momentous signs of the B-; you had the railway guide yesterday, why did you not put it back in its times. The minority is church-going, the rest is either neutral or absorbing the right place? If you deduct these avoidable interruptions, you will find that poison of communism and secularism. Take away our mission rooms and Sunday your studies could be carried on fairly well; and while you can never get the unschools, and the temples in squares and esplanades are not worth a future insurance. disturbed quiet of college life, interruption is not fatal to work. The habit of conThe causes are many. There is no lack of scholarship in our pulpits. Profes. centration and the power of returning to take up the work where it was laid down sional preaching is, in an artistic sense, a success; homiletics and philosophy never are worth striving after. commanded such histrionic talent; self-abnegation and devotedness was never, “But at college there is so much to help one-prefessors, lecturers, and fellowperhaps, more widely exemplified; but the “people” keep away. Is the hay students.” held too high for the sheep, or would the poor prefer the home-made bread of plain Of course there are professors and lecturers who do help one immensely; men and vital truth to the Sunday cake provided for jaded fashion? Are not politics of genius, whose words are almost an inspiration; patient scholars building up swamping ministerial unction? Is not pastoral support for the “next campaign stone by stone the temple of knowledge; and, more helpful than all, the contagious already a political point? Is not spread-eagleism and the “whip-all-creation enthusiasm of more gifted students. Yet these are exceptions. Intellectual work, business too often heard in the pulpit? Is poverty as welcome to our churches as like every other kind of work, involves hardship, and even at college you might he who wears a gold ring and abashes the usher with his jeweled shirt front? It find some of your lecturers dull and some of your fellow-students quite commonis time the shepherd should awake. We have been deputing Christianity to con place. And the advantages there are in the teaching to be obtained at college ventions, constables and legislators. We are trying to do good by proxy. Mean may be to some extent secured at home. There are few towns now without their while greater forces for evil and social calamity than history ever knew are quietly university extension lectures, or their institute with lectures and classes; and if mustering, for which there is but one cure and one corrective, the pure and simple you are really beyond the reach of personal teaching, why not avail yourself of truth of Christianity. “The Gospel preached to the poor” was the message sent some of the many correspondence classes, by means of which you can get first-rate the rugged prophet of the Jordan as its own sublime distinction. Can it now be instruction in almost any branch of study ? as truthfully said along the Mississippi ?— Fred Woodrow in The Age of Steel. “ But it would be so much easier to work with an object before one. I would Notes.—Seventeen of the students of Yale Theological Seminary have pleclged

do anything to get a real degree.” themselves to go out as foreign missionaries.Samuel Morley, M. P., the well

That objection is not a very formidable one. If the stimulus of an examination known English philanthropist, who was chairman-elect of the Congregational

is what you want, the difficulty is to choose which it shall be of the many open to Union of England and Wales, lias been obliged to clecline the honor in conse you. quence of impaired health. -An International Congress of the officers and sol

I have said enough to show you that some, at least, of your difficulties are of diers of the Salvation Army has just been held in London. Representatives from

your own making, and that others are not wholly insuperable. Let me say a few all parts of Europe, Canada, and the United States were in attendance. Speaking

words as to the choice of subjects and the methods to be employed. of the increase of the army, Gen. Booth said “that whereas four years ago they

First, as to choice. Most home students err in taking too wide a range of subhad 320 corps, now they had 1,522 ; they had then 766 officers, now they havejects. You can not keep up all your school studies; perhaps it is hardly desirable 3,602; and they were now holding nieetings at the rate of 28,200 per week, as

that you should. School work is largely disciplinal, and many of the subjects in against 6,220 in 1882. The army is now twenty years old. -The managers of

the ordinary curriculum are little more than mental gymnstics, training and develthe Gospel Mission for the deaf and dumb are contemplating sending as a mission

oping the various capabilities of the mind. When childhood is over this is no ary the Rev. John Jennings to India. It is estimated that there are 197,000 deat

longer all important; the trained faculties may be devoted to some more useful and dumb persons in that country. -Indianapolis is to have a Y. M. C. A. build

work. Specialization, which would be unwise and premature in the school-room, ing to cost $35,000, and New Albany, Ind., one that will cost $30,000, toward

is almost essential to the progress of the adult student. I think that much of the which $10,000 has been raised.At Waterbury, Cl., all the Sunday schools, in

desultory character of home study is due to a want of clear concepton as to the cluding those of the Roman Catholic churches and the Hebrew synagogue, are to

difierence between the purposes of study for the chlid and for the woman. commemorate Independence Day, which falls on Sunday, by appropriate religious

Next, as to method.

“ What is worth doing at all is worth doing well.” Mathservices, either unitedly or separately.—Dr. Edward Judson's ten-cent-fund for ematics or music, art or anatomy, language or literature, give to it good, earnest Baptist missions has reached the sum of $27,591.74.—The English Church Mis

work. Do not content yourself with mere slipshod knowledge, never really consionary Society, the richest of the foreign missionary societies, reports that of its

quering a difficulty nor surmounting an obstacle. The distinction in thoroughness $1,157,000 incomes last year only $6,500 came from the title classes. -Over

between the standard of amateur and professional excellence is one which ought 2,000 delegates and visitors recently attended the Baptist missionary anniversaries at

not to exist. And if you do not attain to the standard you have set before yourAsbury Park. -The Canadian Congregationalists think of uniting with the Con

self, be sure your work will not suffer from the influence of too high an ideal. gregationalists of the United States, and the Evangelical Union of Scotland with

“ Who aims the sky the Congregationalists of England. -The English Baptists report an increase of

Shools highor far than he who means a tree.” 3,470 members and the Wesleyans a decrease of 700. Of 340 meetings for wor Lastly, a word of caution. You have one difficulty which is peculiarly your ship belonging to the English Friends, 217, have an attendance of less than 50; own; one from which the college student is almost entirely free. While you live 45 have no attender, 25 have only !, and 16 have only 2. -A Catholic Congress at home, your home duties must come first. You are bound not merely to perform is being held in Paris with the special object of prolesting against the secularization

the actual duties assigned to you, but to respond to all the claims on your sympa. of public schools. According to numerical strength, the chief churches of the thy and attention which are implied in the word " home." No amount of intel

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lectual progress can compensate for the neglect of the simple, yet sacred, duties of under Miss M. L. Rayne in the Art of Journalism. The subjects treated will be “Art family life. It is a noble ideal to be a great scholar, but it is a far nobler one to and Ethics of Journalism," « Composition," " Proof-reading," "Stenography," " Type: be a helpful and loving daughter, sister, or wife.—Barbara Folley.

writing,” and “ Type-setting.”. -The legacies of Jennie McGraw-Fiske to Cornell THE BEGINNINGS OF PUBLIC INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION.-In no single depart- University, amounting to a million and a half dollars, for library purposes, have ment of activity that can be named have the public schools of our cities advanced

been unsuccessfully contested in the courts.—About a million gross of steel pens so much within fifteen years past as in the development of the constructive faculty.

are worn out every year in the United States. -In a short time a female educa

tional institute will be established in Palestine.It is only sixteen years since the Metropolitan Museumn of Art was founded in this

- The report for 1885 of the Rab

binical Seminary in Berlin, under the direction of Dr. Hildesheimer, states that city, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, and the Corcoran Art Gallery in Washington. That same year, 1870, drawing was introduced as one of the prescribed during the year the institution was attended by 28 students. The number has studies in the common school course in Boston. Two things have helped in this

since increased to 40, of whom 27 are Germans, 11 Austro-Hungarians, and 2 movement more than any other—the dissatisfaction of the people at large with

Russians. The receipts wers 47,865 marks, and the expenditures 35,618 marks,

The reserve fund has been increased to 224,433 marks. The report is prefacecl the “unpractical” nature of our common-school curriculum, and the introduction into this country of the “natural method ” of education. Our public schools were

by a paper of Dr. Ilildesheimer, entitled “A Contribution towarıl a Knowledge of founded as a result of the natural belief, handed down from Puritan times, that

the Geography of Palestine, in connection with numerous citations from Talmudical

and Gaonic works.”. -There were no commencement exercises of the Vincennes, the superstructure of the State rests on the two pillars of education and religion. In our form of governinent, where every man has voice, it is necessary theoret

Ind., city schools, because eight white girls refused to graduate with a colored ically that every man's voice should be intelligent, and without education that

young woman, who was ahead of them in scholarship and merit.—College commencecould not be. But with the growth of the country, with the tremendous and

ments, baccalaureate sermons, graduation essays, diplomas and new professor unprecedentedly rapid development of its material resources which the past fifty graduated from Yale College this year 109 have replied to inquiries concerning

ships are on the tapis at the present time. LOf the 140 members of the class to be years and especially the past fifteen years—has witnessed, there gradually grew, in the national consciousness, the belief that the national education should con

their expenditures in the four years of the academic course. Their answers ex. form to the facts of its environment; that it should have an intimate and neces

hibit quite as great a diversity in Yale as exists in Harvard, where it has been frer sary relation to them; that it should equip, or at least aid in equipping, the pupil quently alleged of late that there exists a demoralizing difference between students. who completed its course of study to make the best use of his powers for the bet

The average of the 109 is $960 per year. The extremes for any one year were tering of his condition ; in short, that it should be " practical.” To this growing $150 and $3,500. Twenty-three members of the class have earned their own supbelief the strong tendency of American life to measure all things by a financial

port during the course. standard contributed a powerful support. If money-getting be the chief end of man, certainly no education is complete or practical, or even useful, which does not tend directly to increase the future man's money-getting power. This a large

MEDICAL. part of the old-fashioned education does not do; hence the demand for something different. The second of the factors we have named has been scarcely less powerful than the first. If that has been widely operative among parents

CLIMATE, AND ITS INFLUENCE ON HEALTH.—Three years ago, having a press and pupils, this has been no less widely operative among teachers, and it has of literary work to accomplish in a given time, which required freedom from care modified their views not only as to what matter is most desirable to present to of all kind, and leisure to concentrate, I settled matters comfortably at home, and students, but as to the manner in which that matter shall be presented. The

went to reside at Bournemouth. I did not so I reasoned--require a bracing air, root principle of this no longer new “natural” method is that things, rather than but quiet was essential, so I settled among the pine woorls of the East Cliff. I words, shall be studied. The kindergarten is a direct development of it; the worked and worked, pretty hard, too, but never with a will; it was all a toil. The "object teaching” in primary and grammar schools is an extension of it into truth is, the air was too relaxing; there was nothing bronchitic about me, so I realms which at first it dared not penetrate. It is easy to see how both these changed over to the West Cliff, where no woods are, but only a wide bracing moorcauses, working so powerfully from different directions upon both teachers and land, which was then covered with heath and heather in richest bloom—a parataught, have affected the position of drawing as a topic of common school study. dise for the bees. I was as much a bee as any of them, and had to work quite as To the “ practical” parent or pupil, drawing is the gate to success in all the in hard. Well, I had suddenly changed from a relaxing to a bracing climate : too dustrial arts. No good carpenter, or engineer, or builder, or machinist, and, of suddenly, for I caught cold, so that—though all my own fault-my stay at Bournecourse, no architect, designer, or constructor can get along without some practical

mouth was one I can not look back to with unalloyed pleasure. But from this exknowledge of it, and the inore the better. . So, to the teacher by the natural” | perience of mine we may cull a lesson or two. One thing we should remember method, the first step, after the observation of the things to be studies, is clearly is, that there is really no need to go abroad for change of climate, and expose ourthe graphic representation of those things. For this both pen and pencil may be,

selves to expense and the danger of a vile cuisine; another, that we can not be and are, called into play; but the pencil, when skilfully used, conveys at a glance

too careful in the choice of a climate; and a third, that we ought not to change what the pen labors through many sentences to delineate, and with greater ac climate too suddenly, or without making some preparations for the change. I curacy and precision, as well as greater speed. These tendencies were both at work

wish my readers to bear what I have just said in mind, for I know it is only a 100 more than sixteen years ago, but the year 1870 marks an epoch, as we have al common thing for ailing people to come to health-resorts which, theoretically ready said, in their practical development. The founding of the Metropolitan speaking, ought to be just the places to suit their complaints, and find themselves Museum of Art was a momentous occasion in our municipal life, and the influ

worse instead of better. They at once conclude the place does not agree with ence of that institution has been among the most powerful agencies in extending them; it never strikes them that the change may have been too sudden, and that the appreciation of art, both pictorial and industrial, among our people. Even

no one can get acclimatised in an hour. However, off they hurry to some other more directly influential--because more closely related to the people—was the

spot which some one else has recommended as an earthly paradise; and there are, introduction of drawing as a required study in the common schools

. At first it I happen to know, in this world, a race of roving invalids, who are ever on the was an experiment, the outcome of which was looked for with some anxiety, and

move in search of health, never staying long enough in any one climate to acquire not without apprehension, but from Boston it has spread throughout the United

it. Now, in this paper I am not going to speak of particular climates or healthStates, until there is scarcely a city of any size in which the elements of industrial resorts, but simply to give some plain advice that will enable my reader to choose drawing do not form as essential a part of the curriculum as writing or spelling.- for himself. New York Mail and Express.

It might be asked what is meant by the term “ climate.” The simplest answer,

if not a direct one, would be that what is termed “climate ” includes the nor. A STATUE TO PEABODY.—The movement to place a statue of George Peabody mal condition of the atmosphere plus the soil of any place. The atmosphere in the Capitol at Washington, inaugurated by the Southern States that have re would be considered according to temperature, its pressure, its humidity, and its ceived aid in education from his munificent benefaction, is one that deserves the prevailing winds, the soil according to its substance, its clothing (vegetation, inhighest commendation. Perhaps there is no record in history of so much having cluding trees, &c.) and its surroundings, whether hilly or the reverse, and, I may been accomplished by such a moderate outlay as by the distribution of the income add, its electric tension. of this fund for twenty years past. The small gifts, placed at vital educational The ailments for which change of climate is to be recommended are, among points, always on condition of similar home efforts, have greatly stimulated the es many others, dyspepsia of almost every kind, disorders of other parts of the digestablishinent of the graded schools, which have themselves so largely influenced the tive canal, as well as the stomach, liver complaints, kidncy troubles, nervousness, establishment of the American system of free public instruction at the South. The neuralgia, ennui, hypochondriasis, or low spirits, asthma—which is a nervous dislesson of this organization is worth careful study everywhere. Our educational ease with functional or organic causes, gout, rheumatism, and various ailments of gifts have too often been used in the same reckless way as our national business

the lungs or air passages, including consumption. Now, no one who was of a has been transacted, and with similar results. The statue of George Peabody, in

highly nervous and irritable temperament, or who made blood too fast, and therethe Capitol, will at once be a reminder to statesmen that education is the foun

fore was liable to inflammation, would seek for change in one of the exciting climates. dation of true politics; to the millionaire, that no use of money is so profitable as Nor would such an one choose a very bracing climate; but for the over-worked that which enlarges the power and intelligence of the people'; and to the econo and over-worried, those who wish to rebuild a shattered frame, a bracing climate mist

, that it is not the aniount of public expenditure, but the putting every dollar with sea-air would be suitable, while a relaxing climate would do positive injury. in the right place and seeing that it does its work, which tells on national prosper But though climates are thus easily divisible into four classes, we hardly ever find ily.Journal of Education.

them partaking altogether of the nature their names would indicate. All climates Notes.—The National Educational Association holds its annual meeting at To fluctuate; all are in some measure compound. The majority of days, however, peka, Kansas, July 19th..

-Twenty years ago there were not 15,000 colored will bear out the name; and on those that do not when the climate seems to people in the South who could read; and now 1,000,000 colored children are in change all of a sudden, and the bracing health-resort becomes moist and relaxing, the public schools of the South. There are 16,000 colored teachers, and more than or the sedative one grows exciting for a time—then must the invalid take all the 80 newspapers owned and edited by colored men. Over 100 schools for higher better care of himself. Are we to study the death-rates of climates before we education are now in successful operation. In fact, in the history of education choose one that we think may suit us? To some extent we may be guided by nothing can compare with the present work among the colored people. -The these, but we must not forget that they are deceiving. In places, for instance, where novel seature of the Detroit Training School, summer session, will be a department I invalids congregate to a great extent, the death-rate may read high, for we know

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