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, ume is illustrated with pictures drawn and engraved by Chinese artists. In these, the Executive. He who would study comparative politics-and it is the fashion to Christian appears in Chinese costume, the House Beautiful is a Chinese pagoda, study most subjects by comparison-will find much assistance from this book. Ils
intrinsic value is well attested by this third edition, which we predict will not be its and throughout the book all the scenes and incidents are depicted in a garb familiar last. to the people for whom the book is intended. -Thomas Nelson Page will publish in the June Century the longest story he has yet written. It is a story of the
ETCHING IN AMERICA.-By J. R. W. Hitchcock. 7%85%, 95 pages, cloth, gilt lettered.
White, Stokes & Allen, New York. war, and entitled " Meh Lady.”. -Cassell & Co, have ready a volume of « Repre
It gives one a thrill of pleasure to touch a book like this; its appearance is so artsentative Poems of Living Poets." The poems are selected by the poets themselves. istic. The heavy paper, wide margins, and beautiful type, to say nothing of its being Some months ago Lord Rosebery suggested that a Scottish history society be
the first book ever devoted to “ Etching in America,” will make it a treasured gem,
or we are mistaken. A list of American etchers and another of American print col. founded for the printing of unpublished documents illustrating the civil, religious,
lectors and public collections adds much to the value of the work. and social history of Scotland. The society is formed and Lord Rosebery is its
PUDDINGS AND DAINTY DESSERTS.-By Thomas J. Murray. 6x44, 53 pages, cloth. president.--Henry Holt & Co. have just published in their Leisure Hour and
White Stokes & Allen, New York, Leisure Moment series a new novel by Mrs. Alexander entitled “ Beaton's Bar.
This is a delicate little book containing a number of recipes for dainties and ingain." --Norris's American Angler has just appeared in a memorial edition from
structions to make them. If the puddings are as pretty as the book, we advise every
housekeeper to buy it, make the puddinge, and invite us to dinner. the press of Porter & Coates. -Mrs. Holloway's " Ladies of the White House" is
WITNESS MY HAND.-7x5, 193 pages, paper covers.
25 cents. Cassell & Co., New York.
An exceedingly brilliant novel. Aller 11 begun it will not be willingly laid down
fill inished, when it will be taken up and read again. Tho" Rainbow series gets
CBRISTIANITY AND THE RED FLAG.--A sermon by Rev. F. A. Noble, D. D. of the Shelley Society, which now numbers 291.—Leach, Sewell & Sanborn A noble sormou by a noble man. If any one thinks the pulpit is incapable of diswill publish Dr. Mombert's “Great Lives: a Course of History in Biographies.” cussiog questions that affect the body politic, let him read ihis and forever afterward
hold his peace. A bibliophile passing through Edinburgh recently purchased an interesting little volume of pamphlets out of a box of 3d. books at a shop in Frederick street. THE WISDOM OF THE ANCIENTS AND NEW ATLANTIS.—5%84, 190 pages, paper covers.
10 cents. Cassell & Co., New York. Among the contents of the volume were a curious copy of “ Cadenus and Vanessa” of 1726, the date of the first edition, and a “ Dunciad,” with rough fore-edges, of
MARVELLOUS IN OUR EYFS.--5X+, 169 pages, paper covers.
25 cents. Cassell & CO. the third issue of the first edition, the “C” of Mr. Thoms' list. Mr. Crossley's
MAGAZINES. copy of this issue of “The Dunciad” was sold last year at Sotheby's for £5 5s.
THE OVERLAND MONTHLY.-May, 1886. 120 Sutter st., San Francisco, Cal. 35 cents. -The Seventh International Congress of Orientalists is to be held at Vienna
A caravan of excellent freight, this 18. Here we have an Andean sketch full of from September 27th to October 2d. -At the suggestion of Dr. James R. Nichols, pathos, sense, and humor; A Story of the Camp-meeting, and something more serious author of “Whence? What? Where?” Cupples, Upham & Co. will shortly
in Essays on the Liquor Trafflc; Immortality under the caption "Must Life Begin
ning Here Necessarily Evd Hero?" besides poetry that is fiesh and original, to say issue a work entitled: “ The Mystery of Pain,” by the late Dr. James Hinton.
nothing of translations. The book reviews are, on the whole, Judicious. It rauks The next publication of the Villon Society will consist of a new and complete with the very best. translation of “The Decameron," by Mr. Payne. -The late Lionel Tennyson TRE MAGAZINE OF ART.-Juno. 35 cents. Cassell & Co., New York. was a contributor to various periodicals, including The Nineteenth Century, The This is an excellent number, and all the more delightful because the artist-writers Cornhill and The Saturday Review -Mr. Malcolm Macmillan, the eldest son
take us into the region of the long-neglected. The frontisplece, “ Hay Wan," by Con
siable, is charming, while tho stroll through beautiful Guilford, said to be the most of the publisher, is said to be the author of the story “ Dagonet the Jester,” which picturesque city in England, is beyond all praige. The other articles reach the highwas lately issued by his father's firm. Dr. Anster's translation of Faust” has est possible standard. It is an ideal magazine. been added to Harper's Handy Series.-B. & J. F. Meehan, of Bath, England, THE BROOKLYN MAGAZINE.- Publication omice, No. 7 Murray st., New York.' $2 a year. have issued in connection with their new catalogue a long list of books which they PUBLIC OPINION likes this very much. It admiros ils appearance, its contents, 118 desire to purchase. These range in date from 1568 to 1862. -Sir John Lub
enterprise, its ability, and its healthful moral tone. It is hy no means so proviucial
as its title suggests. This is an excellent number. We show our estimate of it in bock's little book on “Flowers, Fruit and Leaves,” says The Critic, reads like a our Miscellaneous department. fairy tale for amusement, although it is really the simplest and most direct state
THE QUIVER.—June, 1886. $1.50 per year. Cassell & Co., New York. ment of the latest discoveries of scientific observers. “What is Theosophy?
Nearly if not all the articles are by Luglish writers. The illustrations are English is published by Cupples, Upham & Co. It is addressed by a mother to her son, and by English artists, the spirit 19 Evglish, he appearance is English. For persons and professes to be a perfectly clear account of this new religious faith. The afflicted with Anglomanla this may do them good, on the principle of similia similibus
curantur. author is Mrs. Edward Cushman, of Newport.-- -The Appletons have sold 800,000 cipies of Hugh Conway's “Called Back," and now publish it in Spanish.
THE DIAL.-. A monthly Journal of curront literature. A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago, Ill.
$1,50 a year. A new book which is soon to come from the press of Messrs. S. C. Griggs &
This is one of the very best literary monthlies of the country, if not of the world. Company, Chicago, is expected to attract attention among scientists. It pre The present number is fully up to its predecessors. sents a new theory to explain solar phenomena, and attacks the generally accepted beliefs.Messrs. George Routledge & Sons have in preparation a very elaborate and beautiful edition of Goldsmith's “ The Vicar of Wakefield.” The illustrations have been drawn by French artists, they will be printed in colors in France, and the sheets sent to England and this country, where the text will be printed. The American edition will be ready in August. -Geo. Macdonald's « Letters from
ROARS FROM THE RAMBLER. · Hell” have reached their roth thousand in England. The Magic of a Voice,” a novel by Margaret Russell Macfarlane, which Messrs. Cassell & Company have
CANVASSER (getting names for city directory)—« This is a boarding-house, is it in press, is a story of country life among the higher classes of Mecklenburg. It is
not ?" a musical novel, and the characters are drawn from life. The youngest son of
Domestic - Yis, sor. the late W. H. Vanderbilt is a book worm. It is his ambition to have the greatest
Canvasser _"How many steady boarders have you ?" and best private library in America.
Domestic—"Nary a one, sor.
They's all o' thim fast."
“ I THINK something must be wrong with that clock of ours, my dear.” Ernest Eckstein has a new work on hand. -Tennyson, Browning and Sir Theo
Why?" dore Martin are arranging for a great banquet to be given by authors and artists in
Well, it seems to be the only thing in town that has not struck for eight hours.” honor of Oliver Wendell Holmes. -The Literary World charges Mrs. Rohlfs, author of the « Leavenworth Case,” with plagarism. This she denies satisfactorily.
FOREMAN (to editor of dramatic weekly)—“We need about a column more
copy.” BOOKS OF THE WEEK.
Editor (thoughtfully)—“Um! Have you used that Paris Letter' I wrote lası Owing to the bewildering variety recently introduced into the size and form of printing paper the
night?” old designation of books, as 4to, evo, 12mo, &c., gives little indication of size; we shall
Foreman—"Yes, sir." therefore, in wrder to be of most service to our readers, give the measures of books in inches Editor—" Well, then, I'll have to get up something from our special correspondand kind of binding. and quarters, the number first given being the length. We shall also add the number of pages ent in London."
LAUGHTER FROM LIFE. THE GREAT CONSPIRACY.-Its origin and history. By John A. Logan. 9+x6, 810 pages, cloth, gilt lettered. A. R. Hari & Co., publishers, New York.
KEEPING DOWN UNNECESSARY EXPENSES.~Boycotter (to butcher)—“As you This portly volume from the pen of the distinguished Senator is a characteristic contribution to the history of the war by one who took noemall part therein, and who
have concluded to employ none but union men, Mr. Smith, we will order the boyhas decided convictions concerning 118 animus aud result. It would be impossible cott off at once. But you will have to pay the expenses of the boycolt, of course." for any one with such positive and sincere convictions as Gen. Logan to write, say, Butcher—" I or do anything that would not attract la vorable and hostile attention. We are, there
How much will they be ?" lore, pot surprised 10 ind ibat all
soris or opinions are expressed concerning this Boycotter—" Forty cents for car fare and eight dollars for beer. Eight forty, production of his pen. Already we have begun to colate them, and hope to present please.” an impartial array of them to our readers in the next 1ssue of this journal, from wbich they will be able to judge of Its merits.
“ HUB" PUNCH-One of Sullivan's. CONGRESSIONAL GOVERNMENT.-A study in American politics. By Woodson Wilson.
MAMMA—". Why, Nellie, how pale you look! Have you been sick? Third edition. 74X5, 344 pages, clotă. Houghton, Mimiu & Co., Boston.
Nellie (4 years old, just returned from an unusually complicated supper)—“Yes, The design of this book is to point out the most characteristic practical features of the federal system, and to show wherein congressional goveromont differs from par.
but I unswallowed myself, and I'm better.” llamentary government. It treats of the House of Representatives, the Senate, and FORCE OF HABIT.—Guest (irascibly)—“I am obliged to make a complaint
WIT OF THE WEEK.
against the waiter who attended me at dinner. He became insolent when I FOREIGN.The opposition to Mr. Gladstone's home-rule measure are caucusing wouldn't tip him at every course.”
to unite all their strength against the passage of the bill to a second reading. Hotel proprietor (obsequiously)—“I must request you to excuse him, sir; he has Cholera increases in Italy. The new Mahdi defeats the Turks in the Soudan. seen better days, and his insolence is unintentional. He was once a New York There were thirty-two persons killed by the recent cyclone in Spain. alderman."
SATURDAY, MAY 15.
DOMESTIC.—The man supposed to have thrown the bomb in Chicago is captured. EQUAL TO THE EMERGENCY.—Bob Ingersoll recently was talking with an old Further reports are received of great damage by the recent cyclone in Ohio, Indi colored woman in Washington upon religious matters.
diann, Illinois, Kansas, and other States. A circus train is wrecked near Bing “Do you really believe, Aunty,” said he,“ that people are made out of dust?” | hampton, New York, and two men fatally hurt. Alderman Jaehne is convicted “Yes, sah; the Bible says dey is, an' so I b'lieves it.”
late at night. But what is done in wet weather, when there's nothing but mud ?” “ Den I s'pects dey.make infiduis an' sich truck."
CONGRESSIONAL.—The House passes a bill to establish a sub-Treasury at Louis. RELIGION AND BUSINESS." John,” said the grocer to his assistant, as they ville. opened the store early Sunday morning, “the parson says it's wicked to do any unnecessary work on Sunday.”
FOREIGN.—The home-rule bill is reported doomed. Salisbury criticises Glad“ Yes, sir."
stone. “Well, you needn't wet that sugar until to-morrow. It can lay over just as well; besides, it weighs a great deal more just after you wet it. I don't believe
SUNDAY, MAY 16. in breaking the Sabbath unnecessarily."
DOMESTIC.-Fivemen are dangerously wounded in a fight near Pittsburgh. A GERMAN writer says: “ Humor is the endæmonological pessimism which in John Dalzele is nominated to Congress to succeed General Negley by the Repubcludes within itself the teleological evolutionary optimism which may cause a
licans of the 23d Pennsylvania district. The police are securing evidence against truly, that is to say, an at once realistic, radical and universal reconciliation to ap.
the anarchists in Chicago. Jaehne goes to the Toombs. Many clergymen preach
on the labor troubles, pear as possible.” That is the finest description of German humor we've ever read. DR. MARY WALKER is a living illustration of the well-known fact that clothes
FOREIGN.—There is rioting at Tyrone, in Ireland. Mr. Gladstone is expected do not make the man.
to resign if the home-rule bill fails.
MONDAY, MAY 17. It is now thought beyond doubt that the Oregon was run into by either Jeff Davis'
DOMESTIC. —New troubles are threatened in the lumber district of Chicago.
The right of free speech is defined by Judge Rogers in a charge to the grand jury triumphant tour or a small tangent of the Chicago riot.
at Chicago. Efforts are being made to postpone Jaehne's sentence and secure a The last day of a criminal condemned to death had come. He was awakened,
new trial. and asked what he would have for breakfast, and told that he could have anything he liked.
CONGRESSIONAL.-The Senate continues pension debate. The House passes "Well,” he replied, “I think I should like some peaches.” “ They are not in season; they ain't ripe yet,"
the urgent deficiency bill. “ Never mind," said he, “I can wait for them.”
FOREIGN.—An editorial in the London World authoritatively announces that JOKES FROM JUDGE.
the Queen has granted an audience to Mr. Gladstone, and has consented to disA CORRESPONDENT asks, “What is theosophy?” Theosophy is the art of ex solve Parliament in the event of a new election being demanded by the Premierpecting the impossible and never accomplishing it.
following the possible defeat of the second reading of the home-rule bill. A son A WESTERN writer signs himself “ Kicking Bird.” We shall hear presently of a
is born to the Queen of Spain. writer who likens himself to a singing mule.
TUESDAY, MAY 18. Your Congressional orator is a fearless fellow. He rarely fails to have the DOMESTIC.--Geronimo is on the warpath ; he has defeated Captain Hatfield's courage of his constituents' convictions.
detachnient, and is now lighting the signal fires for reinforcements and frontier Cora (chewing on the last caramel)—“What makes you always twirl your cane,
raids. Cardinal Gibbons received the notification of his new honors and title, Mr. Merritt ?"
The captain of the seized fishing schooner Ella M. Doughty says that he was Little Johnny (who is always around)—“ Because he ain't got any moustache." (Triven into port hy ice, and, and liaving a permit to touch and trade, purchased
bait which the Canadians offered to sell to him. The crew of the Adams have Lives of bank clerks all remind us
made a formal statement before an official at Gloucester. Much indignation is exWe can make our lives all crime; And, departing, leave behind us
pressed in the latter prt. The City Council has called on the President to adopt
retaliatory measures Johann Most has formulated the platform of the anarchists, Not a solitary dime.
the features of which are: No masters, no servants, no rulers, no Church, no State, and no punishment for crime.
TICKLERS FROM TID-BITS,
EVENTS OF THE WEEK.
CONGRESSIONAL.-- In the Senate, Mr. Coke spoke on arbitration. The House debated the proposed foreign mails subsidy to American ships.
THURSDAY, MAY 13.
TOREIGN.— The home-rnje situation is more favorable, Mr. Gladstone has seDOMESTIC.—Great storms occur in the Northwest, devastating various sections cured full «liscussion of the bill. Mount Eina is in a state of eruption. in Ohio and Indiana and destroying thirty or forty lives. Twenty thousand per
WEDNESDAY, MAY 19. sons are “locked out in Chicago. The Ohio legislature re-enacts the Scott liquor law. The Jaehne jury (New York) is completed and the case is opened. DOMESTIC.-Excitement occasioned by the eight hour movement has died out Bartley Campbell is sent to an insane asylum. The official police report of the in most cities, Further arrests of aparchists are reported from Chicago. The casualties by the anarchist riot in Chicago shows that sixty-six officers were trustees of the John F. Slaler educational fund make an appropriation of thirty wounded, of whom five have died. A colossal statue of William Lloyd Garrison thousand dollars. Mr. Powderly, G. M. W. of the K. of L., thinks there is no is placed on its pedestal on Commonwealth avenue, Boston.
truth in the report that Martin Irons is scheming for his place. Judge Parker, of
the United States circuit court, Arkansas, has decided that P. M. Wolfe and R. B. CONGRESSIONAL.—The Senate debates the pension bill and the House passes
Ross, the Cherokee delegates who were indicted in the District of Columbia for
conspiracy to rob the Cherokee Nation, must appear in the District of Columbia the diplomatic and consular bill. Mr. Phelps speaks in favor of the Chinese in
and stand trial there. Ex-President Arthur is said to be more seriously ill. The demnity bill.
Ohio Legislature adjourns until the 4th of January next. FOREIGN.—The point of Irish representation in the Imperial Parliament is considered in the debate on the Irish bill in the House of Commons. Many people
CONGRESSIONAL.-The Senate further debated and passed the bill " For the are killed and wounded by a storm in Spain. A formal protest is entered against
relief of soldiers of the late war, honorably discharged after three months' service, the seizure of the schooner David J. Adams in Nova Scotia.
who are disabled and dependent upon their own exertions for support, and of de
pendent parents of soldiers who died in the service or from disabilities contracted FRIDAY, MAY 14
iherein." The Senate then took up the bankruptcy bill. The House spent much DOMESTIC.—The lumber strike in Chicago ends and rioters are fined. Herr of the day debating ocean mail subsidies to American ships. Most is released from the Tombs on $1,000 bail. Alderman Waite and Inspector Byrnes are examined in the Jaehne trial
. Waite's testimony is unimportant. FOREIGN.- United States Minister Cox has three hours' interview with the SulByres testifies in detail regarding the consession which he alleges Jaehne made
tan of Turkey, and the American Minister presented to his Majesty gifts sent by to him.
President Cleveland, consisting of a thousand views of scenery in different parts of
the United States, portraits of celebrated and typical Indians, copies of the last CONGRESSIONAL.- The Senate continues debate on the pension bill, and the census reports, &c. "The Grecian Monarch, the first steamer on the new route, House has some excitement on the tariff question.
sails from Galway for New York to-day.
THE FISHERIES DISPUTE. THERE has been much comment in the press since our last issue, and the following letters have passed between Senator Frye and Secretary Bayard with regard to the seizure of fishing vessels by the Canadian authorities :
SENATE CHAMBER, WASHINGTON, May 20, 1886. Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, Secretary of State.
DEAR SIR: I respectfully submit to your consideration the enclosed telegram received this morning from the President of the American Fishery Union. I assume that the State Department is giving this matter such consideration as its importance demands. The urgency of immediate action for the protection and relief of the American citizens can not be overestimated. I regard the conduct of the Canadian Government as entirely unjustifiable and without authority of treaty, of law, or of good neighborhood. I am, very respectfully,
W. P. FRYE. [Unofficial.] DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WASHINGTON, D, C., May 20, 1886. Hon. William P. Frye, United States Senate.
DEAR SIR: Before your note of to-day was received a telegram of similar purport in relation to the resusal to allow the American schooner Jennie and Julia to purchase herring for smoking at Digby had been received, and steps had been taken by me to ascertain all the facts, and representations had been made to the British Minister to call to account the collector at Digby for what I consider a gross breach of the commercial rights of a citizen of the United States. The late reprehensible action of the Canadian officials in relation to American fishing vessels has occurred in remote localities without telegraph facilities or postal communication, and consequently there has been delay, regretable, but unavoidable, in receiving consular reports. But your assumption that this department is giving the matter such consideration as its importance demands,” will, I believe, be fully sustained when the proper time arrives for publication of its action. I trust I am properly conscious of my duty as an official charged with the execution of delicate and important public functions, and that the interests and honor of my country and the rights of its citizens will not be found to have suffered at my hands. Very respectfully, yours,
T. F. BAYARD. Boston Journal (Rep.), May 24. THE tone of Secretary Bayard's letter to Senator Fry leaves no room to doubt that he appreciates the seriousness of the questions involved in the seizure of American fishing vessels, and intends to act in such a way as to assert and defend American rights. One reason for the prevalent impatience with what has seemed the tardy action of the Administration, is that the public gets its information concerning what is in progress on the coast of Nova Scotia through the newspapers and by telegraph, while the Department of State, having to base its action upon more formal and authoritative advices, has to await the reports made by consuls after an investigation of the facts. This, of course, consumes time, the more so as the points at which seizures have been mad are off the lines of direct communication. It is impossible for the Secretary, while communications and negotiations are in progress, to divulge their character; but his description of what has taken place as “ reprehensible action," and "a gross breach of the commercial rights of å citizen of the United States," indicates plainly the Secretary's point of view. His letter will make it easier for the parties, whose rights and interests have been assailed, to wait the progress of events, as it will give them an assurance that their case will not be neglected. In the ineantime, American fishermen should be careful not to do anything which will weaken their case. Up to the present time the Canadian authorities have been steadily in the wrong.
It is for our interest that they remain so, so far at least as action on our part is concerned, and that nothing be done by our fishermen to help the Canadians out of their difficulty by giving them a just and genuine grievance against us.
Philadelphia Ledger (Ind.), May 24. If Mr. Frye really did write as the le'ter printed over his signature would seem to show, then he has lost the usual level of his head and become inoculated with the frantic wrong-headedness of his constituents. The bill is not yet a law; the responsibility of non-action is not upon the President; and Mr. Frye talks, or is made to talk, in an exceedingly “previous” and absurd manner. Mr. Bayard, of course, with the concurrence of the President, had already, before the Frye pronunciamento, addressed the British Minister on the subject, stating the American position about the seized vessels, and the
right position. But the Secretary of State, like other cool-headed persons, is not of the opinion that the fuss. in Yankee land is so very important as to rush' the country into a fidget.
New York Star (Dem.), May 24. It turns out that the Secretary of State has been all along doing whatever lay in his
power to defend American fishing vessels from illegal seizure by Canadian war yawls. He has made his representations, and is very likely that the Canadian authorities will be obliged to abandon their claim. There is no provision of law warranting such performances as they have been up to, and in all likelihood the provincial treasury will be called upon to respond in damages for the detention of the smacks. If Mr. Frye and his associates had not bellowed, the whole affair would have been simple enough, and there would not have been any talk of a threatened disturbance. It is probable that the Maine Republicans, moved thereto by that mouthy warrior, James Gillespie Blaine, would rather like a fight with their northern neighbor. War is always grateful to rifle contractors, and we fear, also, that in Frye's opinion war with Canada would save Maine to the Republicans in the next election,
-or rather it might save them money. Is it the fact that the fishermen hoped to get by threats all that Mr. Bayard expected to secure by treaty?
Hon. Nelson Dingley, Fr., M. C., Maine (Rep.). It is obviously of as much advantage to the Canadian people as to our fishermen to have our fishing vessels visit their ports and make purchases of supplies, including bait and ice. No nation on the face of the earth, except Canada, attempts to deny.to the vessels of any other power such ordinary commercial privi. leges. But the Canadians have conceived the idea that by denying our fishing vessels the right of visiting their ports to buy bait to be used in catching fish in deep water, and by worrying our fishermen by visitations and threats of seizure, they can so seriously impair the fishing privileges of American vessels as to compel their owners to favor the admission of Canadian fish into our markets free of duty in order to rid themselves of such annoyances. I shall be much disappointed if the course of the Canadian authorities does not greatly strengthen the conviction of the American people that our fishing interests should be protected in their just rights at all hazards. There is at stake not only an industry affording employment to a large number of our most deserving citizens, but also a field of enterprise which has ever been of inestimable value as a school of seamen from which men can be drawn to man our cruisers in time of war.
Harper's Weekly (Ind.), May 29. There is no reason to doubt the friendly disposition of the British government in the matter, nor that there will be a satisfactory issue of the affair so far as international relations are concerned. But the siłuation is a complete justification of the President's course in recommending a commission definitely to conclude the whole question. In this country we are very firmly of opinion that commercial legislation has already settled But the actual situation shows that it has not settled it. American vessels are seized, and the Senate retaliates. If upon consideration the British government agrees that our view is correct, and that the point in controversy has been determined by legislation, and that damages are due to the seized vessels, the trouble will be for the time pacified. But the question of the proper interpretation of the treaty of 1818 is still open. The question of the fisheries in the large sense still remains, and good understanding and good policy require that it should be thoroughly treated and satisfactorily settled by agents specially empowered for that purpose.
N. Y. Sun (Dem.), May 24. The advice given to the fishermen by the Gloucester Advertiser is sensible and sound :
Now that tho Dominion Government is fitting out six more cruisers, it will be well that the lostructions of the vessel owners are carried out to the letter. If there is no call for their bait, there will be quite likely to be a howling among the large class who get their living by selling it, and this will do more toward settling the diffculty and bringing the au. thorities to their senses than anything else. In the meantime other sources of supplies can be made avallable, which may result in making us altogether Independent of the provinces. Later in the season the coast of Newfoundland will afford an unlimited supply, and Yankee ingenuity will be equal to the emergency, when it 18 settled that we are to rely upon our own resources for a supply of balt.
If this advice is followed, not only will our fishermen be able to escape seizure, but they will have the satisfaction of knowing that every day is increasing the dissatisfaction of the Canadian bait sellers at paying with the ruin of their occupation for the “spirited” policy of Canada. In time, the Canadians may of themselves come to reason,
Washington Star (Ind.), May 25. CONCERNING the right of the authorities at Portland to seize The Sisters there is no room for doubt. The law providing for the confiscation of a ship entering an American port without a manifest is absolute and distinct. We do not fall back on any dead-letter treaty. We raise no quibble about the purpose of the ship's presence in our waters, We violate no rule of friendly commerce.
We transgress no universal custom. The case against Capt. Ellis's schooner is as plain as it would have been against Capt. Ellis himself if he had come into the State of Maine and married two wives or robbed a safe. And, even though the Canadian skipper may be a worthy man suffering as a hostage for a bad cause, we shall have to shut our ears to the soft voice of mercy and deal out strict justice to him, in order that
his compatriots may learn that the first essential of a succesful contest is to be sure ion government to repress. We do not believe that war is imminent, but many you're right.
things much more surprising have happened before and may happen again. Hon. Thomas B. Reed, M. C., Maine (Rep.).
Kansas City Journal (Rep.), May 20. A GREAT deal of the alarm now manifested on our side arises from the mistake
IF Great Britain can cripple our fishing industries and destroy the market for made by the Department of State at the time when the abrogation of the treaty
active seamen they furnish, she would do more to perpetuate her monopoly of the went into effect. Instead of consulting the wishes of those most deeply interested,
ocean than even her cheap iron ship has been able to do. Then again, the sea is, the Department made an arrangement which was construed as looking to the
after all, the real seat of empire in the modern world, and she cannot afford to do renewal of the old treaty, which gave to the Canadians our valuable markets for
anything, either by direct action or by negligence, that will in any form impair or nothing. Our fishermen, after much depression and almost ruin to their business,
cripple its efficiency. We must present a firm and aggressive front on the queshad been looking forward to the possession of our markets and to brighter pros tion of the fisheries. pects in the future. The action of our Government seemed to them like dashing
New York Herald (Ind.), May 25. the cup from their very lips.
We suppose that it is within the competency of the Secretary of the Treasury The Chicago Trade, May 17.
to remit the fine to which the rickety old Canadian fishing schooner seized at PortThe Provincialists have written and said much about “reciprocity.” This has land yesterday is liable for want of a manisest, and on the facts reported from that been offered them for a full century. But their interpretation of reciprocities is
city, we trust that the remission will be made, and made promptly. There was the right to exclude American fishermen from all their shore lines of fishing
not conscious wrong-doing on the part of the luckless Canadian skipper. He grounds, while they have access to all the best markets of the United States--free seems to be an honest, well-meaning fellow. Our customs authorities should deal of duty or import-to sell their fish and to obtain all their supplies and to enjoy kindly with him. equal privileges with the American fishermen. In return, they will graciously
Pittsburgh Times (Dem.), May 21. grant American fishermen the right and privilege of fishing by any means in his THERE is the possibility that the breeze may yet be a brisk one. It is humiliat. power, on any banks or fishing grounds which they do not wish to occupy.
ing to reflect that though were the case of great magnitude and did the facts call
for the assertion of our rights and the vindication of our dignity as a nation, we Pittsburgh Dispatch (Ind.), May 24.
would have to submit, for we are not in a condition to take a step or even say a It is somewhat reassuring to learn that Secretary Bayard has not lost the oppor word without running the risk of being compelled to back out, because we could tunity to make some decidedly vigorous representations to the British government
not go ahead. on the subject of the repeated seizures of the New England schooners by the Ca
N. Y. Tribune (Rep.), May 23. nadian government, and that the English minister has intimated that his govern.
ALREADY American vessels are arming themselves, and the news may cume at ment will not support Canada in its arbitrary course. It is not desirable to get into
any hour of forcible resistance to the pretended authority of British officials. a quarrel with our neighbors; but it is also rather unpleasant to have our neigh
When actual conflict has begun it will be exceedingly difficult for the Government bors seizing our vessels while our ports are open to their ships. The sooner that
to adjust the matter satisfactorily. But the issue cannot be avoided in any way, if species of foolishness is stopped the better it will be for all concerned.
the administration persists in acting as if the sole duty of the Secretary of State St. Louis Republican (Dem.), May 21.
were to draw his pay and cultivate pleasant social relations with British Minister
West. THE Portland resolutions contain the following among other warlike declara
Irish-American, May 29.
The patriotic souls who are getting in readiness to pack their knapsacks, as volResolved, That if our goveroment refuses to send immediately armed vessels to protect our vessels we deom it expedient to arm and equip our vessels for their protection. unteers in the army and navy that are to defend the Yankee fishing smacks from
the depredations of the “ Blue Noses," had better possess themselves in peace for “ No State shall without consent of Congress keep troops or ships of war in time
a few days longer. There is a Democratic Government in Washington that acts of peace,” says the Constitution in anticipation of the time when the Down-East mackerel fleet wpuld start out to exterminate the British navy. Maine is rapidly
only on Davy Crockett's wise maxim—"Be sure you're right, then go ahead;”
and there is a sturdy Irish-American as Consul at Halifax. getting into a state of armed rebellion.
Baltimore Sun (Ind.), May 24.
This whole question of the fisheries between Canada and the United States The Canadian fishermen know how it is themselves now, but evidently do not seem to relish a game at which two can play. The "fishery question” is a silly one
ought to be settled at once and forever. The treaties that have been made on the
subject have simply had the effect of a temporary adjustinent of a controversy that and entirely too small for two great nations like England and America to wrangle
will never be brought to an end until the fishery rights of both parties are clearly Divested of all its nonsense it is an easy problem to solve. It should be
defined and agreed to in terms that shall leuve no cause for jealousy on the one settled once and for all. It is to the financial interest of the residents of Digby
hand or the assumption of unjust privileges on the other, Bay to have the American boats stop there for bait, and it is to the interest of the fishermen of both countries to pursue their avocation with as little friction as pos
Wheeling Intelligencer (Rep.), May 21. sible. They must all live, and Canada and the United States are too close as THE Maine fishermen have spoken of the protection which Great Britain exneighbors to allow a bit of unreasonableness on the part of either to make an open tends to her humblest citizen. It is very ample protection, which is so well under. rupture.
derstood the world over that it operates as a preventive. Only savage or reckless Philadelphia Press (Rep.), May 23.
people commit outrages on British subjects, so pronipt is the British government to
demand and enforce redress. The linited States ought to be no less quick to deIt is greatly to be desired that the State Department should not stop with the
mand satisfaction and better behavior in the future. vigorous treatment of this special and, as Minister West esteems it, “trifling 'matter, but should contrive to make such an impression, both at London and at Ot
St. Paul Pioneer- Press (Rep.), May 21. tawa, as will render the further discussion of the whole fisheries dispute either A JUDICIOUS exercise of the national police power on both sides, with a convenuseless or harmless. Merely to accept the apologies of Canada and reparation for tion to straighten out the tangle into which the fisheries question has fallen by the the outraged owners, officers, and crew of the seized schooner or schooners, should
abrogation of the treaty of Washington and the ambiguity of preceding agreements, the Canadian authorities proved to have exceeded their powers, would be a lame is the only possible way out of the dangerous situation that has come about as the and lamentable conclusion.
inevitable result of letting things drift, and setting angry men to settle their differManchester Union (Dem.), May 25.
ences by the summary processes of a state of nature. PORTLAND people are happy in having caught a colonial schooner with a cargo
Bradstreet's, May 22. of 20,000 mackerel, and no manifest. So now the Yankee nation has scored one The matter at issue is primarily the construction of a treaty, and the heat dis tit for two tats. But seriously, isn't this small business, and what is it more than played by the New England owners of fishing vessels is both unseemly and unnecanother form of the people taking the law into their own hands? There is not essary. They and their newspaper organs willfully conceal the fact that the pro. a shadow of evidence but what the State Department is doing all it can to settle vincials have the better prima facie case. Passion will prove no help to a satisfacthis matter, and if international procedure is slow it is a fault that can't be easily tory solution of the difficulty. This will come sooner or later through British cured. In the meantime, Americans have no call to do foolish and unwise things repudiation of the Canadian attitude. because the Canadians do.
Washington Post (Dem.), May 25.
Maine has moved on the Blue Nose enemy by seizing a Yarmouth schooner for The people of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward's Island are a violation of the marine laws. This is wiser than arming a ralt with a swivel profoundly dissatisfied with their condition as subjects of the Dominion govern
blunderbuss to make reprisals in the Gulf or St. Lawrence. The act of retaliation ment. They are not of weight enough to the Canadian Parliament to get fair play.
will tend to quiet the fever which rages in the New England arteries and to apTheir commercial relations are closer with the United States than with the other pease the wrath of the Maine Senators. The voice was the voice of Portland, but Canadian provinces. While the quarrel goes on about the fisheries the question of
the hand was the hand of Frye. annexation may be appropriately considered. There are bituminous as well as
Galveston News (Dem.), May 20. piscatorial reasons making the annexation of these provinces very desirable.
THE fishermen want duties retained on fish because, as they urge, they pay Washington Critic (Ind.), May 25.
prices created by duties on their canvas, cables, anchors, cordage, seines, iron balIn the event of war between this country and Great Britain over the rights of
last, wire rope, etc. They might add on their vessels. Siill the fishermen have American fisherinen in Canadian waters, we might expect a large crop of sympa
no right to get even for this robbery by robbing the consumers o fish. They need thy on the north side of the Canada line. Annexation would leap to the front as
relief from the tariff robbery. the great issue of the conflict, and Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba gravitate in this
Pittsburgh Press (Ind.), May 21, direction with a force it would be very troublesome, if not difficult, for the Domin Our remedy for the exclusion of American fishermen from Dominion ports is of
a retaliatory character. We have a right to exclude Dominion vessels from our show him how necessary it is to have a treaty. But we guess Uncle Sam will
St. Louis Globe-Democrat (Rep.), May 21.
The end will be probably that another treaty, somewhat similar in scope to the
Washington compact, will be entered into, and the cry for “war," “revenge," In the matter of the fishery dispute our Government ought to take some ener
“reprisals,” etc., heard somewhat freely just now in some parts of Canada and getic action and take it without unnecessary delay. The matters in controversy
Massachusetts, will subside. about the right of our fishermen to fish along the Canadian coast can be considered later, but the Dominion government should be given to understand in plain terms
St. Paul Globe (Dem.), May 21. that it can not seize American fishing boats whenever it pleases.
THE disposition manifested by the State Department to restrain our national
anger when an American fishing vessel was seized by the Canadian authorities
met with public approbation, because it was apparent that the Dominion governHow would it do for Congress to set aside a fund of half a million or a million ment was in the right. dollars, out of which to make good to our fishermen promptly the losses they may suffer at the hands of the Canadians ? These losses could be easily proved before
Boston Advertiser (Ind.), May 21. a competent tribunal; and such a prompt settlement by our own Government would THE very anxiety which the people of the British provinces manifest in this satisfy the fishermen and the public sense of justice.
matter shows the great value of the American market, and that it must not be barChicago Herald (Ind), May 21.
tered for the mere privilege of decent treatment to our fishing vessels in Canadian
ports. THE New Englanders who are engaged in the fisheries have one very important
New York Times (Ind.), May 23. fact to learn, and that is that reciprocity reciprocates. If they wish to enjoy concessions from the Canadians they must make concessions, and if they do not enjoy tremely discouraging to the ingenuous patriots who can see no better use to make
This entirely proper and dignified expression from the Secretary of State is exbeing denied these concessions let them maintain treaties which guarantee them in
of any disturbance like this than to discredit the Government of their own country. stead of seeking perpetually to abrogate them.
Springfield Republican (Ind.), May 21.
It may be unkind at this time to remind those of our New England ship-
owners who talk of arming their fishing vessels before going north for bait, that . position before the admiralty court can only be conjectured. If their intention be
they told Congress last winter how worthless the Canadian waters were to them. 'to force this Government into a reciprocity with the Dominion it will very likly fail of its effect. The United States has had some valuable experience in that line,
Rochester Herald (Rep.), May 21. which it will not be necessary to repeat.
The right of American fishermen to buy bait and other necessary supplies in the
ports of Canada will doubtless be secured through the peaceful but somewhat deSo far as the immediate quarrel is concerned, our fishermen who desire to go
liberate methods of diplomacy. into Canadian waters should take out Canadian permits. If they prefer to take
Columbus, Ohio, Journal (Rep.), May 20, the chances, and are caught with no authority except American permits, it does
IF Canada don't stop fooling with our fishing tackle, Mr. Whitney will no doubt not follow that our Government is in duty bound to fight for them or to protest for
feel constrained to send the great American navy up the St. Lawrence to blow the them or to do anything else for them.
country up. N. Y. Mail and Express (Rep.), May 24.
Baltimore Herald (Ind.), May 23. It is fortunate for our fishermen, and for the honor of the United States, that
The proper course would be the prompt surrender of the vessels to the United the Republican Congressmen of New England are more prompt and more sensi States authorities, and-the return to the status quo ante, until a new treaty can be tive than the administration, and that by their vigilance and activity this country is arranged. put upon the right footing in regard to the matter, and the rights of our fishermen
Boston Globe (Dem.), May 21. are to be upheld and defended.
Does the American flag mean anything or does it not? That is the question.
it does not, then 30,000 New England fishermen want to know it. AFTER the Canadian authorities have for a brief time exhibited their power to
National Republican (Rep.), May 25. annoy the American vessels, an agreement will be made that will give our vessels the undoubted right to buy the supplies which they now have to obtain clandes
We believe that Secretary Bayard has taken and will firmly maintain a strong
Baltimore American (Rep.), May 24.
Ir Canada doesn't stop her foolishness the United States may be under the neces-
Savannah News (Dem.), May 21. The supineness of the Washington Administration under the circumstances is a mat It is gratifying to be assured that Johnny and Jonathan are not going to fall out ter for wonder.
and fight about a gourd of fish bait.
N. Y. Graphic (Dem.), May 20.
MAINE's tarry-fisted fishermen are strongly inclined to go ahead and annex Canada
on their own account. the Capadians should wish to demonstrate that there were several things in Can
Boston Post (Dem.), May 20.
THERE is no reason to doubt the practicability of reaching a proper settlement
in a friendly way. The shyness with which the State Department grapples the fisheries question
Philadelphia Inquirer (Rep.), May 21. suggests the thought that Mr. Bayard is afraid of being bitten by a codfish. The
THERE has been altogether too much foolish war talk among the New England Canadian newspapers are roundly abusing Senator Frye, but this will not be apt
fishermen. to disturb him very much. He is pretty well accustomed to abuse from English
Philadelphia Times (Ind.), May 25.
It may yet turn out that the Canadian fishermen have hooked more than they
can haul. We cannot but think that Senator Frye by his attitude in Congress is largely re
CANADIAN OPINION. isponsible for the excitement that exits in New England on this subject. When the matter came up in the Senate on the President's recommendation for a new
Halifax Chronicle, May 21. commission, the attitude he took was not that of a legislator, but of a buccaneer. THERE is one thing worse than the careless abandonment by the imperial Press Telegram from Augusta, May 24.
authorities of our rights, and that is the disgracefully negligent manner in which
our government has assumed the enormous responsibili:y of seizing American In answer to inquiries, Mr. Blaine, who is now at Bar Harbor, says he has had
schooners without having first consulted with the home government, fully informed no interview with any one in regard to the fishery question, and is in no manner them of our contention and the arguments in its favor, and of the enormous imaccountable for any opinions that may have been attributed to him. He has no occasion to change the views uriformly expressed by him in Congress.
portance to Canada of that contention being sustained. They had the inost ample
time for preparation. They had the fullest warning that any seizures made by Troy Telegram (Rep.), May 22.
them would be fiercely contested, and the question of whether the imperial govThe probable upshot of the whole matter will be that the Canadian authorities
ernment would sustain us, and to what extent, was freely discussed in the journals will be compelled to pay damages and apologize as they did in the case of the
of both Canada and the States, and yet it is perfectly clear, from the replies of the Fortune Bay outrages some years ago.
under secretary for the colonies in the imperial parliament to the questions put to
the government respecting the seizure of the Adams, that the home government Boston Transcript (Ind.), May 20.
had never been in any way notified of the intended action of our government, their THE Canadians are evidently doing all they can to awaken Uncle Sam’s ire, and opinion sought, or anything whatever done to prepare them to properly understand