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such grapes as Mr. Ricketts places upon the exhibition tables, wopid command prices that would render this extra care of no account, in comparison.

A limited number of these shapes are now offered for sale to those who care to experiment with them. Mr. Ricketts claims that his later productions are crosses between hardy natives, leaving out the foreign element. I took notes of the following as most promising in appearance, among those exhibited at Rochester in September.

No. 1, B, Clinton.-Claimed to be from Clinton, crossed with Hartford. A beautiful white grape, with large long clusters, of extra flavor and quality. A remarkable variety; especially so, if its parentage is correctly stated.

No. 1, C.-Another white variety from the same cross as above, medium large bunch and berry ; quite compact, very bandsome, delicate yellow in color, and of five flavor.

Bacchus.—A black grape, abont the size and color of the Clinton, from which it is said to be a seedling, but much more delicate, and of purer flavor. Regarded as specially promising as a red wine grape.

Bacchus Seedling, No. 413.-Much resembles its parent in appearance and flavor. Both these grapes are five flavored and sprightly, and would be of some value as table grapes, thongh specially recommended for wine making.

Jefferson.-A red grape, resembliog the Iona both in appearance and flavor; said to be a seedling cross from Iona and Concord. I thought it in quality much like Iona, and fully equal to it in flavor. It is to be offered for sale next season, and is claimed to be healthy, hardy, and productive, and is certainly a fine variety, worthy of attention.

Planet.--A hybrid cross from Concord and Black Muscat of Alexandria. A large black grape, with very large bunches. Of very fine flavor, resembling the best foreign va. rieties. Lady Washington.-From Concord and Allen's Hybrid. Offered by Mr. Ricketts last

A arge and very bandsome grape, of really good quality, ripening about with Concord. So far as I have tested it, the growth and foliage of the vine is good, and it appears to me worthy of extensive trial.

The Highland is another of Mr. Ricketts most promising hybrid grapes, and is now offered for sale. It is a very large black grape, of splendid appearance and superior quality. It is a seedling from Concord, hybridized with Jura Muscat; makes a strong, healthy growth, and so far as tested, bas proven very satisfactory. It will doubtless prore as reliable as other hybrid grapes, and is well worthy of trial by all interested in the improvement of grapes.

El Dorado is still another recent introduction of these interesting grapes; of the same parentage as Lady Washington, a white grape of remarkable quality and very early ripening, and said to make a stronger growth than Concord. Foliage and habit of growth good, so far as tested.

Some new native seedlings also attracted much attention, and as they are hereafter to be offered to the public as desirable and valuable acquisitions, I will give brief descriptions of their character as they impressed me on exhibition.

The Niagara is a large and handsome wbite grape, grown at Lockport, New York; vine claimed to be everything that is desirable in the way of vigor, health, and hardiness; the clusters were compact and handsome, as large as well-grown Concords. The flavor purer and somewhat better than Concord, though somewhat of its character. Branches of the vine with fruit and foliage indicated productiveness, hardiness, and health, so far as then could be judged by examination. This grape is in the hands of a stock company, who expect to make a “big thing” by its sale, whon a sufficient nam. bor of vines have been propagated to meet the expected domand. It is claimed to be a


native seedling cross between Concord and Cassady, the latter a small and inferior white grape, both hard and bardy, but of no special value. It may have imparted its color to the Niagara, and alov groater firmness and topacity, rendering it a better keeper, and better adaptod for shipping than the Concord. If all that is claimed for this grape by reputable men is true, it will provo a worthy and valuable acquisition.

The Pocklington, named from its originator, and claimed to be another Concord seedling, was the largest in banch and borry, and the most showy of all the white native grapes on exhibition. It was surmised that this extraordinary sizo was produced by the artificial means of “rioging;" but I do not know that thoro w&o any evidence of it, beyond the appearance of the grape itself, which cortainly seemed of abnormal size and fine appearance. The foliage closely resembles Concord, and it is tberefore probably healthy and hardy. I did not test its flavor or quality, as the specimens were said to be unripe. It is, however, generally understood to be of second quality, not better than Concord; but if it produces grapes like the samples exhibited, it will have great popuiarity as a handsomo and showy white grape for market purposes.

The Noah is another wbite grape of entirely different character from the above, but apparently very promising. It originated in Illinois, and is thought to be a seedling of the Taylor or Elvira, but is a very great improvement upon either of those sorts. Samples of this grape wero exbibited at the Ohio State Fair, and also at the Rochester, and attracted mach attention by their good qnality and fine appearance. Large, long, and handsome clusters, not too compact, liko Elvira, and of much porer flavor, and with entire freedown from fuxiness, it seemed to me one of the most promising now varities of the season. lo hardiness and habit of growth it closely resembles the Elvira.

The Prentiss, a white grape, that in general appearance, flavor, and quality, resembles the Rebecca, was exhibited at Rochester in great quantity and in good condition. This grape has been grown quite successfully for several years in a single locality (Pultney, N. Y.) by Mr. Prenties, who claims to be its originator. It has the appearance of being a vory productivo variety, and is claimed to be an improvement upon the Rebecca in this respect, as well as in health of foliage. But it is so nearly identical in appearance with that old variety that, its superior morit and value will rest solely upon the claim of its better habit of growth, and of the health and productiveness of the vine.

The Duchess, still another white variety of remarkable boauty and fine quality, was exhibited at Rochestor. It is also claimed to be a Copoord seedling crossed with Walter, but I see no indications of Concord in its foliage. It is a strong grower, with handsome foliage ; healthy, so far as I have tested it; but having rather a "by brid” appearance. It is, however, recommended as both healthy and hardy, enduring 24° below zero uninjured. It is certainly a grape of superior quality; and if it succeeds as well, generally, as it has in several localities in New York, where it bas fruited for ten years or more, it will be found one of the best grapes yet introduced.

While speaking of new grapes, I will mention one of my own seedlings, which I never regarded as of special value, because of its lateness in ripening, but I sent it soutb, where it was named Triumph. In a report upon grapes, from Texas, I find the following: “The Triumph seems to be fully at home here, being vigorous, immensely prodnctive of the largest and finest of bunches, some of which weigbed one and a half ponnds each. In quality is equal to the best of foreign grapes."

Another seedling grape of my own production, which I have had under trial for several years, and which I have pamed Purity, may prove of value for general cultiva. tion, as it is a good grower, with healthy foliage, ripens early, and is very productive. I find no fault in it, except the small size of the cluster. In quality I think it superior to any native grape I have ever grown, even surpassing the Delaware io pure and bigh flavor. It is a much stronger grower than the Delaware, with larger and bealthier foliage, the original vino never having shown any mildew in the past ten years It is a white grape, with berries larger than Delaware, clusters about the same size, or a little smaller, in form, often shouldered slightly, but never unduly crowded on the bunch. If it bore a large cluster I should regard it as one of the most promising grapes in America.

I have received, tho past season, specimens of very interesting seesling grapes from Illinois, and also from Iowa; some white and some rod seedlings, and crosses of Dela. ware and Concord. I shall carefally test their value, and report hereafter. I feel warranted in expressing the greatest confidence that among the many low grapes that are appearing, real and valuable improvement is indicated ; and I have no donbt that many of the older and less desirable kinds will give place to now varieties of merit ; and the outlook for futare and permanent success in grape growing seems to me more favor. able than for many years. With increased experience, and a judicions selection of varieties suited to the location where they are to be grown, intelligent and careful cultivation will, I believe, be followed by general success.

The Brighton is a grape of fine quality, of vigorous growth, reasonably healthy in foliage, but not quite hardy in severe winters. It is a partial hybrid, prodaced by crossing the Diana Hamburgh upon the Concord, and is one of a class of grapes containing only one-fourth of the foreign element; and which will probably be foood valuable and very useful iu good localities for grape growing, and where the climate is not too

The Brighton has attained considerable reputation as a popular grape, and it is hoped will provo permanently useful. It is mentioned elsewhere in this report.




The most remarkable feature of the recent extensive fruit show at Rochester was the large number of fine looking and excellent new varieties of grapes. No formal report or full list of these has been published, and it was unfortunate that members of the regular committee on new fruits were also appointed on the general Awarding Committee, when the duties of both committees were quite arduoue, and the members were also requested to be present, if possible, at all the meetings for discussion. The consequence was, the examination of new fruits by the committee was quite too hastily performed, and the report when pablished by the Society will not be as full and critical as the exhibiters and the publio desire. Mr. J. P. Berckmans, of Georgia, was chairman of the committee, and at bis request was allowed to take his notes home, for the lack of time to make a report during the meeting.

Of New White Grapes there were five or six exhibited, of great beanty and excellence, several of them having been fruited and exhibited in former years, and others now for the first time. The demand that exists for good, hardy, white grapes, and the bigh price for sach fraits in the markets, give special interest to these varieties, in the minds of the grape growers. I will, therefore, give my own impressions of their merits, severally, from what I saw and learned of them on this occasion, and previously where they had come under my observation, wishing it distinctly understood that I have no sort of interest in the propagation or sale of the vines of any :

Niagara is the name of a beautifal white grape, originated by C. L. Hoag, of Lookport, N. Y., and the propagatiou and sale of which is now managed by the Niagara Grape Company at that place. It is said to be a seedling of Concord crossed with Cassady. The latter is a hardy white grape, of which I have fruited half a dozen vines tbe past six-years, but they bave dever paid for the space they occupy. They look and act much like Iova, and the less of this blood there is in the Niagara the better, in my opini u. This vine is said to have fraited at Lockport for the past seven years, without showing any tendency to mildew or rot, and is as hardy and nearly as vigorous as the Concord, with a leaf much like Hartford Prolific. The clusters are of good size and form, and the berries nearly as large as Copcord, with a better flavor; pot of high quality, but superior to Martha or any other white grape at present much grown. It has not yet been tested in different localities, and vines of it are not yet offered for sale. The parties who have it in hand are enterprising and honorable men, and will furnish vines to the public in due time.

Pocklington is the ugly name given to a very handsome white grape, by its originator of the same cognomen, living at Sandy Hill, N. Y. This grapo was noticed by me in the Farmer, some montbs since, and vides of it have been propagated and sold by a Rochester nurseryman, Jobo Charlton, who had an agent or two in Ohio the past summer. I have seen this fruit on exbibition two seasons before the present one. On both these occasions the fruit was ripor and of finer quality tban at this meeting. The clusters and berries average quite as large as the Concord, and the quality of the fruit full as good, while its fine appearance, with yellowish white color, will be sure to make it popular in the markets. The banches exhibited at Rocbester, this season, were not grown by tbe originator, and were said to have bad a cold and shady location. They had the appearance of being grown on a rung vine, causing the fruit to attain extra size at the expense of ripeness and quality. The vine is said to be a pure Concord seedling, and full as vigorous and healthy as its parent. The leaves which we have seen confirm this report. I have a vine of it, planted last spring, doing finely. I have much faith in this as a market grape, but want something of higher quality for home ase. The question as to hoaithiness of vine will be settled in a few years, as it is growing in a number of locations.

Duchess is another white seedling of Concord, said to have been improved by several successive generations. It originated with Mr. A. J. Caywood, of Marlborough, N. Y., and has been fruited for ten years past on his grounds, and for several years in a number of different States, generally with perfect success. The clusters and berries are of good size and fine appearance, as well as of fine quality-the flavor and texture more like Allen's Hybrid than either of the preceding, and hence suggesting danger of the vines mildewing like that variety, in unfavorable seasons and localities. If the vine proves sufficiently exempt from disease, this is really a very desirable grape. A little more time will tell the story about it; in the meantime all who can afford it, and love to test novelties, will do well to try it.

Lady Washington is the finest wbite grape of Mr. Rickett's remarkable collection of new seedlings. It has been more or less known to the public for the past five years, and admired by all who have seen and tasted it. It is said to be a seedling of Concord crossed with Allen's Hybrid-the latter parent giving excellence of quality, and at the same time exciting apprehensions as to the ability of the vine to withstand mildew; though it is said to be a very healthy and vigorous grower, in quite a variety of locations. The color of the fruit is light yellow, faintly tinged with pink, when ripo; the clusters quite largo, and in appearance more like foreign grapes than any of our American varieties, The quality is also fiper than most of us expect to secure from native vines that will resist tho attacks of disease. If the Lady Washington proves able to do this, we can hardly ask for anything better in the line of white grapes.

Prenti88.—This is oonnted among the now white grapos, though it has been fruited for the past fifte: 'n years at Paltney, N. Y., where it originated, and where abont an acre of the vinos are in bearing very successfully. Mr. T. $. Hubbard, of Fredonia, N. Y, has the propagation and sale of the vines I think it is regarded as a pure American seedling, though of unknown parentage. The banch is of medium sizo and very compact, in this respect as well as in size and quality of berry mach resembling well-grown Rebecca; bat the vino 18 said to be more vigorous and produotive than that variety, as it needs to be, in order to become popular or profitable.

Brighton.-I count this among the new grapos, because it is not yet generally known outside of Western New York, thongh it has been fruited for a year or two past in Ohio and various other States, and is genarally regarded with favor. It made a splendid show at Rochester, especially on the large bearing vines of H. E. Hookor, who bas been its chief propagator. In fact I have nover seen vides of any sort boaring finer crops of grapes—the clusters were magnificent in size, color, and quality, and both foliage and fruit entirely free from disease. The vines were mostly ten or twelve years old, trained on wire trellis, each occupying twenty to thirty feet in length, and very nicely praned on the spar and renewal system. These vines were inspected and admired by a bost of visitors during the days of the meeting; and the testimony of all was, that the Brighton grape has not been over-praised, at least for localities that suit it. This grape originated near Rochester, from seed of the Concord crossod with Diana-Hambarg—thus hav. ing only one-fourth foreign blood, as is claimed. The bunch and berry are quite large; color nearly like Catawba ; skin thin, not liable to crack; flesh tender, nearly free from palp; jaice rich, sweet, and of pare though not high davo. It ripens early and holds on the vines well, making it an excellent market variety. The vino is quite hardy, and very productive, so that the fruit needs to be thinded; foliage as nearly exempt from mildew as the Wilder, Salem, and others of that class. A vine of it in my vineyard, three years planted, bore several clusters the past season; the leaves showing some mildow, which they might not have done if old varieties apt to mildew bad not stood near by. I shall plant a fow vidos of it in a better location.

Rochester.—This is a seedling of Ellwanger & Barry's the best of a very large na ber grown and fruited by them about ten years since. It is similar in color and character to the Brighton, but parely American. The vine io vigorous, hardy, and immensely productive-needing to be thinned, like the Delaware, to secure health of vine and quality of fruit. I visited the largest bearing vines on the grounds of Ellwanger & Barry, and found the crop entirely too great, consequently a little mildow on the foliage, and the quality of fruit inferior to that on a younger vino. I planted a vine of it, six or seven years ago, and by letting it over-bear, nearly killed it; so that I cannot gay bow perfectly it will resist mildew. It has been quite free from disease, at Rochester, excepting the case just mentioned. The fruit is of purplish color-darker than Brighton and Catawba; berries medium size, flavor sweet and rich ; very good for home use and market. Ripeps early.

Monroe. - Another of Ellwanger & Barry's seedlings, sister of the Rochester; a little more of the Concord order; bunch medium, berries large, black with a whitish bloom ; flesh tender, sweet, and good, not high flavor; vine vigorous and hardy, never known to mildow; time of ripening quite early. It is believed to be a good wine grape, as well as an early market variety.


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