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tables of the South. Our new crops program would be located in this location. Also, we intend to work on oilseeds.
Mr. WHITTEN. We are opposed to moving oilseed work from New Orleans.
Dr. Shaw. We have had the work on cottonseed at New Orleans, and we had intended to have the cottonseed work done at the southeastern laboratory, along with other oilseed work.
Mr. WHITTEN. Did you not understand the agreement of the Congress—that this was not to be used to transfer work from New Orleans?
Dr. Shaw. I had not understood that, sir.
Mr. WHITTEN. That was the agreement, and we had better get that straight.
You might proceed.
Dr. Shaw. Îhere was a statement in the conferees' report that work on peanut quality would be continued at New Orleans.
Mr. WHITTEN. The agreement was that in creating this new laboratory it was not to supplant or take away from the work at New Orleans.
Dr. Shaw. I had not had that information before, sir.
1965 BUDGET DECREASES
Mr. WHITTEN. Well, you might proceed. What research work is being cut out by the budget that is before you, and where would this be located, and what is the nature of it?
Dr. Shaw. We have a reduction of $264,000 on research, at some small field locations, which is being completed or that is recommended for termination because of lower priority.
Mr. WHITTEN. Would you list those ?
Dr. Shaw. Termination of breeding, nutrition, and management research on marten, foxes, and mink at Peterburg, Alaska, is proposed.
Mr. HORAN. What page?
We were spending $25,500 at this location and expect to discontinue that work.
Poultry feeding, physiology, and management research at Glendale, Ariz., where we are now spending $40,200, is expected to be eliminated.
Research on the control of water-stargrass and pond weeds at Clarkedale, Ark., where we are spending $14,800, is to be discontinued.
Research on the biology and control of insects affecting tobacco at Quincy, Fla., $14,000, is to be eliminated.
Research on the biology and control of insects and spider mites affecting cotton at Tallulah, La., where we are spending $48,000, would be eliminated.
Studies of gully control procedures for use on the Connecticut River terraces at Durham, N.H., at $22,500 would be eliminated. The research on the isolation, identification, mode of infection and nature and extent of damage by pathogens associated with diseases of white clover at Durham, N.H., where we are spending $13,500, would be eliminated.
Research on irrigated soils at University Park, N. Mex., where we are spending $19,500, would be discontinued.
Research on the biological control and methods of detection of the European chafer and methods of treatment of infested nursery stock at Geneva, N.Y., $11,000, would be discontinued.
Research related to irrigation and to control or modification of wind, water, and soil movement at Mitchell, Nebr., where we are spending $27,500, would be eliminated.
Research on cotton genetics at Brownsville, Tex., where we are spending $14,500, would be discontinued.
And research on biology and control of insects affecting sugarbeets and vegetables at Logan, Utah, $13,000, would be discontinued.
There was also a $50,000 decrease in the budget proposed for the imported fire ant program.
Mr. WHITTEN. Now, I ask this because in many particulars the budget before us is unrealistic, both with regard to the temper of the Congress and with regard to some of the work.
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING RESEARCH
Dr. Shaw, what cuts have been made in the marketing research funds and where are they applied ?
Dr. Shaw. In the Agricultural Marketing Service you mean?
Mr. WHITTEN. In other words, you are limited to the Agricultural Researce Service, you and Dr. Brady?
Dr. Shaw. Weil, no. Dr. Brady has
Mr. WHITTEN. Well, he has got three other groups, but he does not have anything to do with marketing research?
Dr. Shaw. Except to coordinate that research with the other.
Mr. WHITTEN. Well, that means to keep you all on speaking terms. What power does he have? That is what you have to judge these things by. Can he knock any heads together? What power does he have?
Dr. Shaw. Perhaps he should answer this.
Mr. WHITTEN. Dr. Brady, what power do you have? The reason I am asking is we have become more and more disturbed about the fact that it looks like we are building up two systems of research here.
The other day I went to get the compilation of the laws having to do with agriculture. I looked and looked and began to think that I had lost what little training I had in bibliography. Then I discovered that you have two separate compilations published by the Department.
So you have nothing to do with marketing research as such in your capacity, Dr. Shaw?
Dr. Shaw. Not administering it. I do have the responsibility of working with Dr. Brady in coordination, which involves examination of their projects, and so on. But I do not have anything to do with determining the projects.
Mr. WHITTEN. Lets take cotton, which is an easier subject than some for me. Just explain cotton starting back with the seed and going all the way from the work on seeds and oils, to work on boll
weevils, to work on ginning, to work on improving textile strength, to work on cleaning, to work on spinning, to treatment of the fibers for crease resistance, and then on down to storage and handling, and
Dr. Shaw. We have all of the work that has to do with the growing of the crop and up through ginning in what we call our farm research area. That includes, the insecticide work, plant breeding, soils, and agricultural engineering research related to cotton.
Then we also have the work on processing and developing of new uses, treatments and processes, modifications, and so on for cotton.
Mr. WHITTEN. You mean getting cotton where it is highly in demand and very, very serviceable is not marketing?
Dr. Shaw. The development of new products or new finishes for products, anything that changes the characteristics of cotton, is in our field.
Mr. WHITTEN. We are having trouble with this problem. We have to increase the crease resistance. Those in marketing say, "if we had crease-resistant cotton, it would improve marketing greatly: However, funds have been cut out for that kind of research in this budget, have they not, Mr. Grant?
Mr. GRANT. There is a reduction in the budget for transportation and facilities marketing research of the Agricultural Marketing Service. This research does not involve crease resistance and other quality characteristics, however.
1965 BUDGET DECREASES FOR RESEARCH
Mr. WHITTEN. I think I will ask Mr. Grant at this point in the record to show what reductions are in the budget in the field of research, whether it is in ARS or whether it is in XMS or in this other area.
You might also show how long the work had been going on there and what the results have been.
Mr. GRANT. Yes, sir.
Research reductions budgeted for fiscal year 1965
1. Agricultural Research Service:
Salaries and expenses, research : Completion of work or termination of
$264, 000 2. Cooperative State Research Service :
Payments and expenses, payments under sec. 204 (b) of the Agricultural
Marketing Act: Payments to the State agricultural experiment sta-
500,000 3. Statistical Reporting Service: Salaries and expenses, consumer surveys--
94, 000 4. Agricultural Marketing Service:
Marketing research and service: Research on market facility planning
and wholesaling and retailing operations, and research on other
862, 000 Total.---
1, 720, 000
1 Includes all research program reductions proposed in the 1965 budget for the Department of Agriculture exclusive of the Forest Service.
II. DETAIL 1. Agricultural Research Service: Salaries and expenses, research:
Completion of work or termination of lower priority research at small field stations ($264,000):
Research at Petersburg has demonstrated the usefulness of antioxidants
and other feed additives in the feeding of fish and fish waste to mink at
and over the United States.
published. Much of the work has been concerned with management
of cottonseed meal on egg quality, effect of alfalfa saponins on chick
feed additives have also been studied.
other aquatic and ditchbank weeds of drainage systems in the Missis-
Control of water-stargrass and pond
Breeding, nutrition, and management
research on martens, foxes, and
Poultry feeding, nutrition, and man
Tobacco insect investigations.
14,000 | This station has played a major role in the development of measures for
controlling insect pests of importance to the production of cigar tobac
cos for more than 40 years,
poisoned cornmeal baits for control of tobacco budworm, a remedy
scriptions of the stages and life history of the tobacco flea beetle pub-
residues in tobacco soils published in 1960.
be conducted under heavy in-
vival were optimal.
the progress made in boll weevil control stemmed from the Tallulah
about as a result of experiments conducted at the station.
methods for a number of cotton insects other than the boll weevil,