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Thlinget. This is the oldest of the schools in Alaska, having been established in 1877. From that time until the present it has continued to be a means for the uplifting of the natives in this region. Here the native chief, Shakes, has been of considerable assistance in securing the attendance of the children.
Saxman.-J. W. Young, teacher; Miss M. J. Young, assistant teacher: enrollment, 75; population, Thlinget. Mr. Young gives the following account of the year: The year has made a great change in the size of the community, and if that is to be a test, we have succeeded very well. When I arrived here in the fall of 1895 to build up a temperance, self-governing community there was no building here except the schoolhouse. Now we have a village of 24 houses, with a population of 120. As you know, the Thlingets do not remain in one place during the entire year, but go to their hunting and fishing grounds at the proper season. During the months of December, January, and February we had quite a good school, and the pupils made good progress in their studies, especially the younger ones. Some of them did not know a single letter when they came in the fall and now they are in the Second Reader. We find it difficult to get the older ones to attend with any degree of regularity, consequently their progress is slow.
"We have had some encouragements in our work. The natives have been very kind and even generous to us, doing what they could to make it pleasant for us. But we have had some discouragements as well. Although we have succeeded in keeping intoxicating liquor out of the village, yet the effects of its use elsewhere have reached us. In February the natives became intoxicated at Ketchikan, and in a drunken fight a Cape Fox native struck a Tongas native on the head with a rifle, from the effects of which he died. The Tongas tribe demanded pay for the life of their tribesman and the Cape Fox people gave them 200 blankets. Then the Tongas men demanded the life of a Cape Fox chief, as the murdered man had been a chief. The Cape Fox tribe refused, and their warriors armed themselves to resist the threatened attack of the Tongas men. Some of the latter came down from Ketchikan in their war paint, with rifles and knives, bent on killing. The women and children crowded into the schoolhouse, in terror. However, when the attacking party found that our people were ready for them and determined to make a stout resistance, they returned without firing a shot. This trouble is very unfortunate for Saxman, as it has made hard feeling between the two tribes that we were gathering together, and I fear will keep a number of the Tongas people from coming to Saxman.
"I found that there was great need for a store in our new settlement, so I put up a suitable building and sent for my son, who laid in a stock of goods and is conducting a successful business. It is a great help to the community."
made by the Government for education in Alaska from 1884 to 1897.
1889-90. 1890-91. 1891-92. 1892 93. 1893 94.
1894-95. 1895 96.
$50,000.00 $50,000.00 $50,000.00 $40,000.00 $30,000.00 $30,000.00 $30,000.00 5,000.CO 5,000,00
a These balances are reserved awaiting the acceptance of the school building at Unalaska.
NOTE. In addition to supporting the above public schools, the Bureau of Education salaries of three industrial teachers in the Sitka Industrial School, which has an enrollment of