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luen, to say.
up thou up he
up 1 up 11
up he will
ek e enk e
up | 1
Plural. I said lue yak up
I will say lue yak tsh lue yenk
tsh thou up lue yek
tsh he lue t up lue khtit
tsh lue khti tsh If him. them. If
them. he will 1 at
ate tsh 1 aakhtite tsh thou 1 atpan
atpane tsh 1 akpan e tsh 1 1
up 1 ek pan
ak pan e tsh they
1 uktink up 1 uktitpan up they 1 inde tsh 1 ak tite tsh ye 1 equek up || 1 ek
up | ye
tsh 2e 1 ank
they thee ukquon
ukquonk up thee 1 ukquon e tsh 1 uk quon etsh 1 it
up | 1
1 it e tsh 1 ink etsh 1 you ukquek up || 1 ukquek up you
uk quek tsh 1 ukquek etsh 1 US ukquenk up 1 ukquenk up
1 uk quenk tsh 1 ukquenk etsh I.
we. thee 1
tsh 1 ell anque tsh you 1 ell ek
1 ell eque tsh 1 ell enque tsh
i yeque tsh 1 i yenkpan up || 1 i yank up
i yenque tsh 1 i yenque tsh
up 1 up 1
b mil pet pend
dell n mil n pet
pend n' dahoal n' dell
с uk agun agun uk uk gu agu agu gu gu
ge pet ake pend age dahoal ge dell
ge pet ake pend
neen neen na
they. ge ake agu
mil pet pend
k' k k' k' k' k k'
uk aguk agun uk an gu agu agu gu gu
k' pet k' pend
dell mil pet pend
ge ge ake agu
wa wa wa
dahoal ge dell
ell olen olen ell ell ello olo olo lo lo
neen neen neen neen humo hena hena hummena hena
neen neen neen neen neen
en ik en in
k' † g
en ik en ik
Sing. to sing. a
b d he - him w'f *ak
of en aun thou - him k'
ket in ah In't a noot
neen t en aun he n' t uk noo | uk
neen t en ik - thee k' t uk
ket I-thee k' † 1
koo t sh
ket thou - mc k' t i
ket ish Sing. to plur. he — them wak 00 + uh ot in
k' t a
aug In' t a wak noot oog
aug he US n't g una
#koot uk qun
owa - you
owau k' † lo humo koo tun umwo ket
en en im thou Us k' t i neen koo ti mun ket
min Plur, to sing. they — him wit newo oot ouh ot in ah
waun ye k' ta newo koot au
in ah wau we n't a neen
paun they me n't
oag - thce k't g
koo f uk quog
oag 108 - - thee k't le neen
koot un umun ket en in e nim ye - me k' ti himo koot im woo
min Plur. to plur. thcy — them w't a wawak
ounak ot in ah waun yek' t a wawak koot oog ket in ah
n't a wawuna noot ounonog ket in ah nanik they - US n't geneen noo | uk qunonog #ket
owaug you k't
owaug - you
k' † lo hena koot un unumon kt in un e nim ye US k' t i hena koo ti mun kt iz-zh e min
in eg in eg
in eg in eg
a, Initial characteristic; – b, inserted characteristic ;– d, plural terminations. c. This expletive en seems peculiar to the Chippeway.
* He — him; ak, wall, gol, &c. VOL. II.
# First person, plural inclusive.
There is no pronoun of the third person : but for its plural, okla, and oklat, which mean, "a multitude,' people,' are used respectively in the nominative and the objective case.
The derivation of the pronouns of the first person, used in the nominative case with the verbs as subjects of the action, is not known : but those in the nominative of the second person are abbreviated from the corresponding separable pronouns: and those in the objective case, both of the first and second person, are the same as the possessive pronouns used in connexion with the parts of the body.
The pronouns are prefixed to the verb, with the exception of ill, 'I,' which is affixed. The pronouns in the objective case are placed immediately before the verb and after those in the nominative case, with the exception of oklat (them,) which always precedes the other pronoun.
As, with the exception of the third person, there is, for each number, a distinct word, for the nominative and for the objective case respectively, the only defect is found in the union of oklat with the singular of the same person. Thus the sentences, ‘he ties them, and, they tie him,' are both expressed by oklat tokchě.
The transitions of all the tenses, moods, voices, and forms of the verb tokchě, “to tie,' are, with respect to the pronouns, conjugated as the Present of the Indicative.
MUSKHOGEE. There are distinct words for the singular and plural respectively of the three persons in the nominative case, and of the first person in the objective case; and also one, chi (same as in the Choktaw), for both numbers of the second person in the objective case. In order to distinguish the dual and plural from the singular in that instance, and the dual from the plural in both persons, the word homulgiad or homulgot, from homulga, multitude, is used for the plural; and hokolid, from hokoly, "two,' for the dual. In the objective case, they become homulgin and hokolin: and, in either case, they always precede the pronouns and verb. There is no word properly for the objective case of the third person: but the particle awa, prefixed to the pronoun in the nominative case, supplies its place in the plural.
The pronouns in the nominative case are always affixed, and those in the objective case, (with the exception of awa, as aforesaid,) always