Proceedings of the Second Pan American Scientific Congress: (section V) Engineering. W. H. Bixby, chairman

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1917 - Anthropology
 

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Page 400 - It is upon quality as well as upon price that competition must finally depend, whether in domestic or foreign commerce. The use of exact methods and scientific results is the greatest factor in the improvement of quality, efficiency, or the development of new industries. The educational value of the Bureau's work in this respect is almost entirely unknown to the general public, and yet the Bureau receives hundreds of letters, as well as many personal visits from manufacturers, seeking information...
Page 576 - ... simultaneously, in some cases placing the camera in front of the operator, at the right side, at the left side, and also above. A study of these records led to the realisation that it would be a great advantage, if it were possible to study the motion from all angles. An advantage to the motion study man in eliminating all useless, inefficient and illdirected motions and in his general education in motion study. An advantage, also, to the worker, who could thus see his motions as he never could...
Page 225 - Legislature can not remain in session and pass a new act upon every change of conditions ; but it may and does commit to an administrative board the duty of ascertaining when the facts exist which call into activity certain provisions of the law, and when conditions have changed so as to call into activity other provisions. The law is made by the Legislature; the facts upon which its operation is dependent are ascertained by the administrative board. While acting within the scope of its duty, or...
Page 401 - There are also many chemical standards and questions which arise in connection with chemical work generally, especially in the industries; hence, there is a chemical division, cooperating with every other division of the bureau, as well as taking care of the questions of a purely chemical nature that come to the bureau and which fall within its functions. In the case of the more important technical fields, divisions have been formed dealing more specifically with large and important classes of materials,...
Page 599 - ... the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the several states. The power to regulate conferred by that clause upon Congress, is one without limitation ; and to regulate commerce is to prescribe rules by which it shall be governed, that is, the conditions upon which it shall be conducted ; to determine how far it shall be free and untrammeled ; how far it shall be burdened by duties and imposts, and how far it shall be prohibited.
Page 400 - Agriculture do to the agricultural interests. Many industries are just beginning to realize the importance of precise methods of measurement and scientific investigation, which in practically every case involve some kind of measurement.
Page 7 - Congress considered a multitude of subjects in pursuance of its "high aims and purposes: namely, to increase the knowledge of things American; to disseminate and to make the culture of each American country the heritage of all American republics...
Page 400 - Government purchases upon an economical and businesslike basis. The example of the Government in such matters has a far greater influence upon the public than is generally supposed. The Government can do no greater service to the country than to place its own purchases upon a basis which may be taken as a standard by the public at large. This work involves the specification of a wide range of structural and miscellaneous materials and their testing, when delivered, to ascertain whether or not they...
Page 397 - Why is it good or poor ? What are the physical or chemical properties or the particular combination of elements which make it of good or poor quality ? How are its properties to be measured or its constituents determined? These are questions for the laboratory to answer and involve physical and chemical investigations of the most difficult sort. A standard of quality for a given material necessarily takes into account the purpose for which the material is to be used. To set the standard too low results...
Page 226 - The right to the use of running water is publici juris, and common to all the proprietors of the bed and banks of the stream from its source to its outlet. Each has a right to the reasonable use of the water as it flows past his land, not interfering with a like reasonable use by those above or below him. One reasonable use of the water is the use of the power, inherent in the fall of the stream and the force of the current, to drive mills. That power cannot be used without damming up the water,...

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