Undeveloped Wealth in India and State Reproductive Works: The Ways to Prevent Famines, and Advance the Material Progress of India
Virtue, Spalding, 1874 - Famines - 395 pages
Collected articles on the economic, political and social consequences of past famines in India.
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acre actual agricultural amount average Bengal Bombay brought canal capital carried cattle cause cent charge coal complete constructed cost cotton crops cubic cultivation delta districts doubt duty effect engineer England English entirely estimate existing expenditure extent fact fall famine feet fields five four Ganges give Godavery Government half hundred importance improvement inches increase India interest iron irrigation labour land less loss machine Madras manufactures manure means ment miles millions months native natural navigation nearly object obtained officer outlay plough population practical present produce profit Provinces quantity question railways rain raised Report revenue rice rivers rupees ryot season soil square supply taken tanks thousand tion traffic villages whole yards
Page 392 - That there is hereby established at the seat of Government of the United States a Department of Agriculture, the general design and duties of which shall be to acquire and to diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agriculture in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate, and distribute among the people new and valuable seeds and plants.
Page 130 - His rude and feeble plough costs when " new no more than two or three shillings; and all the rest of his " few agricultural implements are equally primitive and inefficient. " His dwelling is a hut of mud walls and thatched roofs, far ruder, " smaller, and more dilapidated than those of the better classes of " Ryots above spoken of, and still more destitute if possible of any " thing that can be called furniture. His food and that of his fa...
Page 3 - No misapprehension can be greater than to suppose that the settlement of the public demand on the land is only lightly, or, as some say, not at all connected with the occurrence of famines. It lies, in reality, far nearer to the root of the matter, because of its intimate and vital relation to the every-day life of the people and to their growth towards prosperity or towards degradation, than any such accessories as canals, or roads, or the like, important though these unquestionably are.
Page 392 - Agriculture shall procure and preserve all information concerning agriculture which he can obtain by means of books and correspondence, and by practical and scientific experiments, accurate records of which experiments shall be kept in his office, by the collection of statistics, and by any other appropriate means within his power...
Page 122 - Improvement" means any work which adds to the letting value of land, and includes the following, namely :— (a) the construction of wells, tanks, and other works for the storage, supply, or distribution of water for the purposes of agriculture, or for the use of men and cattle employed in agriculture...
Page 75 - Carnatic is refreshed by few or no living brooks or running streams, and it has rain only at a season ; but its product of rice exacts the use of water subject to perpetual command. This is the national bank of the Carnatic, on which it must have a perpetual credit, or it perishes irretrievably. For that reason, in the happier times of India...
Page 140 - Munro, in words used many years since, that any expense which may be incurred for this object, "will be amply repaid by the improvement of the country; for the general diffusion of knowledge is inseparably followed by more orderly habits, by increasing industry, by a taste for the comforts of life, by exertion to acquire them, and by the growing prosperity of the people.
Page 392 - Agriculture, set forth a basic mission "to acquire and to diffuse among the people of the United States useful Information on subjects connected with agriculture in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word...