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January to June, 1926
PUBLISHED BY THE
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
HUBBARD, MEMORIAL HALL
GEOGRAPHIC ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS
SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS NORTHWEST, WASHINGTON, D. C.
GILBERT GROSVENOR, President
O. P. AUSTIN, Secretary
HENRY WHITE, Vice-President
GEO. W. HUTCHISON, Associate Secretary EDWIN P. GROSVENOR, General Counsel
FREDERICK V. COVILLE, Chairman Committee on Research
EXECUTIVE STAFF OF THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE
GILBERT GROSVENOR, EDITOR
WILLIAM J. SHOWALTER Assistant Editor
CHARLES J. BELL
FRANKLIN L. FISHER Chief of Illustrations Division
J. R. HILDEBRAND, Chief of School Service
President American Security and Trust Company
JOHN JOY EDSON Chairman of the Board, Washington Loan & Trust Company
In charge of Agricultural Explorations, U. S. Department of Agriculture
C. HART MERRIAM
Member National Academy of
O. P. AUSTIN
GEORGE R. PUTNAM
Commissioner U. S. Bureau of
GEORGE SHIRAS, 3D
E. LESTER JONES
Director U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey
ORGANIZED FOR "THE INCREASE AND DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC KNOWLEDGE"
TO carry out the purposes for which it was founded thirty-eight years ago, the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine. All receipts are invested in the Magazine itself or expended directly to promote geographic knowledge.
ARTICLES and photographs are desired. For material which the Magazine can use, generous remuneration is made. Contributions Should be accompanied by an addressed return envelope and postage.
IMMEDIATELY after the terrific eruption of the world's largest crater, Mt. Katmai, in Alaska, a National Geographic Society expedition was sent to make observations of this remarkable phenomenon. Four expeditions have followed and the extraordinary scientific data resulting given to the world. In this vicinity an eighth wonder of the world was discovered and explored-"The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes," a vast area of steaming, spouting fissures. As a result of The Society's discoveries this area has been created a National Monument by proclamation of the President of the United States. AT an expense of over $50,000 The Society sent a notable series of expeditions into Peru to investigate the traces of the Inca race. Their
discoveries form a large share of our knowledge of a civilization waning when Pizarro first set foot in Peru. THE Society also had the honor of subscribing a substantial sum to the expedition of Admiral. Peary, who discovered the North Pole. NOT long ago The Society granted $25.000, and in addition $75,000 was given by individual members to the Government when the congressional appropriation for the purpose was insufficient, and the finest of the giant sequoia trees of California were thereby saved for the American people.
THE Society is conducting extensive explorations and excavations in northwestern New Mexico, which was one of the most densely populated areas in North America before Columbus came, a region where prehistoric peoples lived in vast com. munal dwellings and whose customs, ceremonies, and name have been engulfed in an oblivion.
THE Society also is maintaining expeditions in the unknown area adjacent to the San Juan River in southeastern Utah, and in Yunnan, Kweichow, and Kansu, China-all regions virgin to scientific study.
Copyright, 1926, by National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C., in the United States and Great Britain.
Amazon, Father of Waters, The: The Earth's Mightiest River Drains a Basin of More
Ashley River and Its Gardens, The.
Beauty of the Bavarian Alps, The.
Beauty of the Bavarian Alps, The.
Boyhood of Sir Walter Raleigh. Supplement, May, 1926.
Conquest of Mount Logan, The: North America's Second Highest Peak Yields to the
Intrepid Attack of Canadian Climbers. By H. F. LAMBART, B. Sc., D. L. S., Deputy
Leader of the Mount Logan Expedition---
Exploring the Atlantic Seaboard with a Color Camera. Color insert. XVI plates--
Over the World's Greatest River and Greatest Forest to Chart the Unknown Parima
Land of Egypt, The: A Narrow Green Strip of Fertility Stretching for a Thousand Miles
London (England) from a Bus Top. By HERBERT COREY___
Man's Feathered Friends of Longest Standing: Peoples of Every Clime and Age Have
Lavished Care and Affection Upon Lovely Pigeons. By ELISHA HANSON-
Marvels of Mycetozoa. Color insert. XVI plates__.
Marvels of Mycetozoa: Exploration of a Long Island Swamp Reveals Some of the Secrets
of the Slime Molds, Dwelling on the Borderland Between the Plant and Animal
Kingdoms. By WILLIAM CROWDER--
Measuring the Sun's Heat and Forecasting the Weather: The National Geographic Society
Motor-Coaching Through North Carolina. By MELVILLe Chater_
Naturalist with MacMillan in the Arctic, A. BY WALTER N. KOELZ, Ph. D., Department
On the Trail of the Air Mail: A Narrative of the Experiences of the Flying Couriers
Who Relay the Mail Across America at a Speed of More than 2,000 Miles a Day.
By LIEUTENANT J. PARKER VAN ZANDT, U. S. Army Air Service-___
Pigeons of Resplendent Plumage. Color insert. XII plates__.
Recent Bequests by Members of the National Geographic Society-
Road to Wang Ye Fu, The: An Account of the Work of the National Geographic Society's
Central-China Expedition in the Mongol Kingdom of Ala Shan. By FREDERICK R.
Rothenburg (Germany), The City Time Forgot. By CHARLES W. BECK, Jr.-
Singapore, Crossroads of the East: The World's Greatest Mart for Rubber and Tin Was
in Recent Times a Pirate-haunted, Tiger-infested Jungle Isle. By FREDERICK SIMPICH 235
Through the Deserts and Jungles of Africa by Motor: Caterpillar Cars Make 15.000-Mile
Transylvania and Its Seven Castles: A Motor Circuit Through Rumania's New Province
of Racial Complexity and Architectural Charm. By J. THEODORE MARRINER, Ph. D.,
Secretary of Embassy of the United States of America..
Transylvania and Its Seven Castles. Insert. 16 illustrations_
AN ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED INDEX. ENTRIES IN CAPITALS REFER TO ARTICLES AND INSERTS
Africa: Through the Deserts and Jungles of Africa
by Motor. By Georges-Marie Haardt.
Agricultural Explorer: A Hunt for New Fruits
and Plants Among the Mountain Forests of
Colombia's Unique Capital. By Wilson Popenoe 127
Agriculture, Egypt's source of natural wealth is
271-272, 277-278, 282, 283, 289-290, 292,
Altitude: Mount Logan, Canada.
Am Dafok swamp, Africa.... ..669, 676-677, 698
Amadas, Philip: English navigator..
Amaryllis show: Washington, D. C.... (color
EARTH'S MIGHTIEST RIVER DRAINS A
BASIN OF MORE THAN 2,700,000 SQUARE
NALLY THE WORLD'S FINEST RUBBER.
Amazon River: Exploring the Valley of the Ama-
zon in a Hydroplane. By Capt. Albert W.
Amazon River System.. ...ill. 362-370, 373, 375, 376
378, 380-384, 386, 395, 404, 406, 407, 409
410, 413, 418, 419, 446, 448, 452, 453, 462
Amazonia, Report on: U. S. Navy lieutenants.... 446
Ambach, Floating islands of: Africa.
Amenhotep III, King of Egypt: Statues.
America from the air.... ill. 2, 6, 7, 18, 28, 30, 32, 33
Air Mail plane mileage: World.
Air Mail routes, United States: Map.
Airplane repair shops (Maywood): Chicago.. (text)
Airplane, U. S. Navy: Greenland... (distant view)
(color insert) Plate II, 300-317
Airplanes, Pigeons released from.
Airplanes, U. S. Air Mail.... .ill. 3, 4, 7-9, 11, 13, 15
17, 19, 21, 22, 24, 27, 29, 31, 34, 35, 44-49, 57, 60
Aisne-Marne offensive, Pigeons during the.
American Revolution, Tea and the.
Amoy, China, References to....
Amphibian airplane, U. S. Navy: Greenland (color
Anaconda, or sucurijú (snake): Amazonia. .460-461
Anacostia Naval Air Station: Pigeon lofts. .ill. 94, 95
Anacreon (Green poet) sang of pigeons.