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Santos, the motion-picture operator of the expedition, performs an unpremeditated acrobatic feat when he pulls the wrong rope while rigging the radio apparatus.



Left to right: Hinton, the pilot; Wilshusen, the airplane mechanic, and Dr. Rice, leader of the expedition; in the foreground, MacCaleb, one of the radio telegraphists. During the expedition's work in the field, messages were exchanged with San Francisco, Chicago, London, and New Zealand, and for months regular schedule was maintained with New York. A small canoe radio set was taken to the headwaters of the Parima, and even here communication was established with the United States.


THE "ELEANOR III" ANCHORED IN MIDSTREAM: RIO NEGRO In the foreground is the canoe which ferried the pilot and the author back and forth between ship and shore.


HINTON PAINTS CARVINGS WITH FRUIT RIND, SO THEY WILL PHOTOGRAPH Apparently these Indian pictographs on the banks of the Rio Negro are old, but no guess has yet been made as to their meaning.


THE EXPEDITION'S STEAMER, THE "PARAHYBA," ON THE RIO NEGRO Early in the morning the hydroplane usually flew up river for 100 miles, sketching and photographing; in the evening the steamer would arrive.

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In the Amazon Basin these lovely winged creatures often pack in a solid mass wherever a salty

liquid has been spilled.

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These huge reptiles, caught in the Rio Negro at Carvoeiro, are to be shipped to Manáos.

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Not designed to protect the plants from frost, but from an excess of moisture, which at certain seasons of the year causes seed to rot before sprouting. The elevated platform enables the growing plants to receive plenty of sunlight and fresh air.

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This is much like turtle pens that were seen elsewhere on the Negro and Branco, except that this one is some four times larger (see, also, page 362).

town rises Serra Grande, a lone mountain six miles long at the base and a welcome sight after the flat lands of the lower Amazon Valley.

The mountains on the Brazil-British Guiana border 75 miles to the east raise a low barrier to the northwest winds, which drop much of their burden of water on the tangled forests to the windward side of the ridge. West of this ridge, therefore, the great Amazon forest shreds out to grassy plains which provide a cattle range as big as the State of Vermont. Boa Vista is situated at the edge of this parklike campos, which enjoys a much drier climate than is to be found anywhere down river.

Here, free from the sapping effects of malaria, we were able to recuperate, to

repair and paint the plane (page 384), and even to enjoy such a civilized pleasure as a dance. A "baile" was given by the senior soccer team to celebrate our arrival in the first plane Boa Vista had ever seen.

We were now on the fringe of a new frontier. Much in and around Boa Vista reminds one of bygone American frontiers. There are the scraggy, half-wild cattle driven in to be shipped down river, and there are open ranges where creeks alone serve as fences. The lariat is a conspicuous ornament and the horse reigns supreme, while a round-up is the year's great event.

In the town five Benedictines, reminders of Marquette and the Jesuits, were building, with their own hands and some Indian help, Boa Vista's first hospital.

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