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IMMIGRATION

HEARINGS

BEFORE

THE COMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SIXTY-SIXTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

JUNE 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, AND 20, AND SEPTEMBER 25, 1919

STATEMENTS OF

REV. SIDNEY L. GULICK
REV. U. G. MURPHY
Hon. B. F. WELTY
PROF. JAMES W. JENKS
SENATOR JAMES D. PHELAN
REV. CHAS. S. MCFARLAND
HON. JOHN FRANKLIN MILLER
MR. MILLER FREEMAN
MR. V. S. McCLATCHY

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

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COMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SIXTY-SIXTH CONGRESS.

ALBERT JOHNSON, Washington, Chairman. ISAAC SIEGEL, New York.

ADOLPH J. SABATH, Illinois. HAROLD KNUTSON, Minnesota..

JOHN E. RAKER, California. ROSCOE C. MCCULLOCH, Ohio.

RILEY WILSON, Louisiana. J. WILL TAYLOR, Tennessee.

BENJAMIN F. WELTY, Ohio. JOHN C. KLECZKA, Wisconsin.

*JOSEPH B. THOMPSON, Oklahoma. WILLIAM N. VAILE, Colorado.

JOHN C. BOX, Texas.
HAYES B. WHITE, Kansas.
KING SWOPE, Kentucky.

P. F. SNYDER,

Clerk.

* Died Sept. 18, 1919.

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CONTENTS.

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88

185

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ASIATIC IMMIGRATION:

Page.

Restrictions on in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, Appendix B... 295
Exclusion of, by United States, map showing boundaries by geographical

area (face page --)..

Dai Nippon, Japanese newspaper article from, “Sleeping on Firewood” 200

FEDERAL COUNCIL OF THE CHURCHES OF CHRIST IN AMERICA:

Financial Statement of: (I) The Original Special Committee on Rela-

tions with Japan, (II) Subsequent Commission on Relations with

Japan, (III) Sebsequent Commission on Relations with the Orient.... 209

Resolutions of, adopted at Cleveland May 6–8, 1919

38

220

FREEMAN, MILLER STATEMENT OF.

GENTLEMEN'S AGREEMENT WITH JAPAN:

Text of...

185

Explanation of, by Commissioner General of Immigration in report, 1908..

231

Passports under, statement by Commissioner General concerning.

Attached to treaty of commerce, 1911..

245

Uchida, Y., note of, concerning

245

245

Ichihashi, Yamoto, statement of concerning.
Letter of Acting Secretary of State concerning.

265

GULICK, REV. SIDNEY L.:

Statement of

... 5, 36, 89, 152

HAWAIIAN LEGISLATION:

Letter of William G. Cooke concerning defeat of bill to Americanize.

teachers....

152

JAPANESE IMMIGRANTS:

133

Admitted, number of..

Admitted in 1918, number of.

249

Number of, in United States..

241

JAPANESE LABOR:

Protest against, by International Association of Machinists..

199

JENKS, JEREMIAH:

Statement of..

154

McCLATCHY, V. S.:

Statement of..

237

Letter from...

29

Letter of Commissioner General of Immigration to, 1919.

248

Articles, "Japan's Peaceful Penetration of United States” (Appendix A).. 268

McFARLAND, REV. CHARLES S.:

Statement of...

207

MILLER, Hon. John FRANKLIN:

Statement of..

219

MURPHY, Rev. U. G.:

Statement of...

71

NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR CONSTRUCTIVE IMMIGRATION LEGISLATION:

Immigration statistics and charts in connection with percentage plan pre-

pared by....

137–151

Suggestions for constructive immigration.

137

Preliminary draft of percentage plan bill.

68

Program for regulation of immigration and Americanization of immigrants. 90
Summary statement of expenses, 1917, 1918, and 1919...

218

NICHI BEI, JAPANESE-AMERICAN NEWSPAPER:

Article from, “Japanese development by concentration”

202

PHELAN, Hon. JAMES D.:

Statement of...

183

Interview in Japanese newspapers.

184

RAKER, Hon. John E.:

Letter from Acting Commissioner of Immigration to...

249

WELTY, HON. BENJAMIN F.:

Statement of...

88

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PERCENTAGE PLANS FOR RESTRICTION OF IMMIGRATION.

COMMITTEE ON IMMIGRATION,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

Thursday, June 12, 1919. The committee on this day met, Hon. Albert Johnson (chairman) presiding. Messrs. Siegel, Knutson, McCulloch, Taylor of Tennessee, Kleczka, Vaile, White of Kansas, Sabath, Raker, Wilson, Welty, Thompson of Oklahoma, and Box, were also present.

The CHAIRMAN. I beg to call attention to the fact that the committee has before it the following bills introduced in this s ssion:

H. R. 5212, H. R. 4643, H. R. 3911, H. R. 3746, H. R. 3474, H. R. 1347, H. R. 1242, H. R. 1240, H. R. 1106, H. R. 563, and H. R. 61. All of these bills, with the exception of the one introduced by Mr. Riordan, of New York, H. R. 3474, are in reference to restriction or suspension, additional deportations, and changes in the naturalization laws, and the hearings will run to those subjects for the present rather than to any particular bill.

Dr. Sidney L. Gulick, who has given these subjects a great deal of study, can give us some time to-day, and without objection he will be recognized for one hour.

STATEMENT OF REV. SIDNEY L. GULICK, D. D., SECRETARY

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR CONSTRUCTIVE IMMIGRATION LEGISLATION, NEW YORK, N. Y.

The CHAIRMAN. Dr. Gulick, please state your full name, your residence, and your connection with this subject.

Dr. GULICK. Mr. Chairman, I am a resident of New York City and have been for five years. I am here representing the National Committee for Constructive Immigration Legislation.

This committee has been in process of formation for some time. I have here a list of those who are members of this committee.

As for myself, perhaps a word of explanation will show how I became connected with the matter.

I spent a large part of my life in Japan as a missionary of the Congregational Church there, and returned from Japan in 1913, just at the time when the tension was at its height with regard to the 80-called antialien land laws of California. That led upon my arrival here to a rather careful study of that particular problem, the problem of American and Japanese relations. It led to a wider study of the whole question of the relations of America to the Far East, to the Chinese as well as the Japanese. That whole study led to a general investigation of the problems of immigration, because it became clear as I studied the matter that the Pacific Coast States were perfectly right in resenting the coming to America of any con

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