The Power and Authority of School Officers and Teachers in the Management and Government of Public Schools and Over Pupils Out of School as Determined by the Courts of the Several States

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Page 13 - ... nor can any man be justly deprived or abridged of any civil right, as a citizen, on account of his religious sentiments or peculiar mode of religious worship ; and that no authority can, or ought to be vested in or assumed by any power whatever that shall in any case interfere with or in any manner control the rights of conscience in the free exercise of religious worship...
Page 65 - ... to exert their best endeavors to impress on the minds of children and youth committed to their care and instruction the principles of piety...
Page 66 - And no subject shall be hurt, molested, or restrained, in his person, liberty, or estate, for worshipping GOD in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; or for his religious profession or sentiments; provided he doth not disturb the public peace, or obstruct others in their religious worship.
Page 117 - In determining upon what is a reasonable punishment, various considerations must be regarded, the nature of the offense, the apparent motive and disposition of the offender, the influence of his example and conduct upon others, and the sex, age, size, and strength of the pupil to be punished. Among reasonable persons, much difference prevails as to the circumstances which will justify the infliction of punishment, and the extent to which it may properly be administered. On account of this difference...
Page 120 - ... 4. When committed by a parent or the authorized agent of any parent, or by any guardian, master, or teacher, in the exercise of a lawful authority to restrain or correct his child, ward, apprentice or scholar, and the force or violence used is reasonable in manner and moderate in degree; 5.
Page 119 - When the correction administered is not in itself immoderate, and therefore beyond the authority of the teacher, its legality or illegality must depend entirely, we think, on the quo animo with which it was administered. " Within the sphere of his authority, the master is the judge when correction is required, and of the degree of correction necessary ; and, like all others intrusted with a discretion, he cannot be made penally responsible for error of judgment, but only for wickedness of purpose.
Page 66 - We do not mean to say that it would be competent for a school committee to pass an order or regulation requiring pupils to conform to any religious rite or observance, or to go through with any religious forms or ceremonies, which were inconsistent with or contrary to their religious convictions or conscientious scruples. Such a requisition would be a violation of the spirit of the clause in the constitution, pt.
Page 142 - ... with such information and instructions as he shall deem conducive to the proper organization and government of the common schools and the due execution of their duties by school officers, to be transmitted to the officers and persons intrusted with the execution of the same.
Page 90 - Commonwealth shall, at the annual meeting thereof, for the choice of town officers, choose by written or printed ballots, a School Committee consisting of three, five, or seven persons, who shall have the general charge and superintendence of all the public schools in said town, which are supported at the expense thereof.
Page 109 - In one respect the tendency of the rod is so evidently evil that it might, perhaps, be arrested on the ground of public policy. The practice has an inherent proneness to abuse. The very act of whipping engenders passion, and very generally leads to excess. Where one or two stripes only were at first intended, several usually follow, each increasing in vigor as the act of striking inflames the passions. This is a matter of daily observation and experience.

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